PSCI 3041 Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - United States Senate, History Of The United States Republican Party, United States Congress

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PSCI 3041
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Congress Today
The institutionalization of Congress means that Congress has become more complex by adding
committees and turning Congress seats into a professional career. The cause of this
institutionalization of Congress originated from the increase in salary of the position and the
increase in the number of seats in the House.
The majority parties of Congress have a ton of power. The party leader can bring pretty much
any piece of legislation to the table whenever they choose. The reason for this is that in
principle, the majority party is the party chosen by the people. So, they want to see that party’s
legislation passed while they have control. The goal of Congress is to govern the country as well
as possible. Congress is the link between the lawmakers and the people.
Substantive representation is when the representative you voted for votes for the issues you
are passionate about. Delegates are people elected with the trust that they will figure it out.
Trustees are lawmakers who don’t really care about the specific interests of the voters but will
keep them in mind.
The Federalist Papers are about designing Congress so that everybody’s interests are
represented, even though modern day Congress really only allows for the interest of the
majority party to be represented. Woodrow Wilson is the most famous political scientist
(because he became president) and heavily researched Congress.
A roll call vote is when an issue is brought to the floor and the members say either yay or nay.
Stuart Rice invented voting bloc unity, which is the percent of the party that voted on an issue.
In 1950, ANES was created, which is a public record of political behavior and opinions via
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survey. Game theory analyzes incentives and how they interact with people’s interests. Many
Congress members are actually experts in game theory including Ted Cruz.
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