SOCY 1004 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Achieved Status, Role Conflict, Ethnocentrism

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1 Feb 2017
Department
Course
Deviance in Society
Exam 1 - Study Guide
Deviance
Behavior, ideas, or attributes of an individual or group that some people in
society find offensive
Theoretical perspectives
4 Theoretical Perspectives:
Structural-Functional
Social Conflict
Feminism
Symbolic Interactionism
A theoretical perspective is a set of assumptions about reality that inform
the questions we ask and the kinds of answers we arrive at as a result. In
this sense, a theoretical perspective can be understood as a lens through
which we look, serving to focus or distort what we see. It can also be
thought of as a frame, which serves to both include and exclude certain
things from our view.
A theoretical perspective is important for research because it serves to
organize our thoughts and ideas and make them clear to others.
Functional perspective
Everything “functioning” and working well together by maintaining a state
of balance and social equilibrium
Each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society's
stability and functioning as a whole
Durkheim embraced functionalism (positively)
Conflict perspective
Karl Marx
2 groups usually evolve from society
Haves
Want and Cause change
Write the laws (based on what they want)
Have Nots
Simply trying to survive
Symbolic/Social Interactionism
A microtheory
Interactions between people in society
Symbolic Interactionism:
Means that people develop and rely upon in the process of social
interaction
Cooley: The Looking-Glass Process
Cooley believed that it is through these interactions that one begins to
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develop an idea of who they are; therefore, the self is a product of our
social interactions Ideal types
Peer group
Both a social and a primary group of people who have similar interests,
age, background or social status
Social consensus
It maintains the status quo and its assumption is that things happen as a
result of social order not buy forces and it promotes ideal picture of
harmonious social relationships
Mechanical/Organic solidarity
Mechanical Solidarity
People feel connected through similar work, educational and
religious training and lifestyle
Traditional and small societies
Social integration of members of a society who have common
values and beliefs
These common values and beliefs constitute a “collective
conscience” and it works to keep individuals cooperating
Organic Solidarity
Interdependence that arises from specialization of work and the
complementarities between people
Based on the dependence that individuals have on each other
Modern and industrial societies
Quantitative/qualitative research
Quantitative
Numbers
Usually successful
Objective
Ex - taking a poll for an election
Qualitative
Subjective
Research questions
Participant Observation
Detached Observation
Becoming very important nowaday and useful in finding out more
about society
Value neutrality
The job of a researcher to be impartial and overcome their biases as they
conduct their research
Survey
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Document Summary

Behavior, ideas, or attributes of an individual or group that some people in society find offensive. A theoretical perspective is a set of assumptions about reality that inform the questions we ask and the kinds of answers we arrive at as a result. In this sense, a theoretical perspective can be understood as a lens through which we look, serving to focus or distort what we see. It can also be thought of as a frame, which serves to both include and exclude certain things from our view. A theoretical perspective is important for research because it serves to organize our thoughts and ideas and make them clear to others. Everything functioning and working well together by maintaining a state of balance and social equilibrium. Each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society"s stability and functioning as a whole. Write the laws (based on what they want)

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