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HLTH 1000 Midterm: Unit 1 Study Guide Part 5

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HLTH 1000
Julie Kulas

Chapter 8: Drinking Alcohol Responsibly and Ending Tobacco Use Alcohol and tobacco result in more deaths each year than all illicit drugs combined. (notes) The majority of students who drop out of college their first year do so because of alcohol use. (notes) Research indicates that one night of binge drinking can impair a student’s ability to think abstractly for up to 30 days, negatively affecting academic performance. (notes) Low-risk drinking strategies include: (notes or 229) • Eat before and while you drink. • Stay with the same group of friends the entire time you drink. • Don’t drink before the party. • Avoid drinking if you are angry, anxious, or depressed. • Pace yourself. • Alternate alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks. • Determine ahead of time the number of drinks you will have for the evening. • Avoid drinking games. • Keep track of the number of drinks you drink. • Don’t drink and drive. T or F: In order to get an underage drinking charge from an officer (A.L.E., police), you have to be holding an alcoholic beverage. (notes) Binge drinking is a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to 0.08 or above. Students who might go out and drink only once a week are considered binge drinkers if they consume five or more drinks for men or four or more drinks for women within 2 hours. (228) Alcohol consumption tends to disrupt sleep, particularly the second half of the night’s sleep, and these disruptive effects increase daytime sleepiness and decrease alertness, which negatively affects academic performance. (229) Students who participate in drinking games are much less likely to monitor or regulate how much they are drinking and are at risk for extreme intoxication. (230) If you are estimating your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) using standard drinks as a measure, you need to keep in mind the size of your drinks as well as their proof. (231) Why do people feel the effects of alcohol differently? (232) • Many factors influence how rapidly a person’s body absorbs alcohol, and thus how quickly that person feels the effects of the alcohol. For example, eating while drinking slows down the absorption of alcohol into your blood
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