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[MUSC 2416] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 34 pages long Stu..
[MUSC 2416] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 34 pages long Study Guide!

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East Carolina University
MUSC 2416
Jocelyn Nelson

[MUSC 2416] Comprehensive Final Exam guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at 1/10/17 ROMANTICISM Historical context: “what changes society and the arts in the 19 century?” Revolutions: France & US Nationalism- focus on the nation rather than the cosmopolitan upper-class Industrial Revolution- new way of life; good for the rich people and not as beneficial for the middle/lower class (Dickens era) Romanticism: coined by a poet talking about the translation of medieval texts into Modern romance languages (vernacular); emotion over intellect; psychological idiosyncrasies; horror and fantasy (Edgar A. Poe); all about emotional power and the ability to transgress rules; very exotic, ethnic, and unusual; a willingness to suffer for one’s art Romantic Music - Composers: both musical amateurs and other middle class people, also independent musicians; not as much aristocratic patronage - Lots of instrumental music; symphony and orchestral music was considered the “ideal” romantic art - Program music- instrumental music that tells a story or follows a narrative; has a reference outside of the music itself; the romantic ideal is that it transcends its program; “absolute music” is the opposite (exp. Symphony No. 1) th th Rhetorical vs. Organic musical form: 18 c. had a structural and linear approach; 19 c. was more organic like a plant- flowering and adapting through the piece Classical: intellect, structure, aristocrat, cosmopolitanism, emotional restraint; simple/symmetrical melody, predictable/structured rhythms, simple/straightforward harmony, homophonic texture and disguised polyphony, symphony, concerto, sonata, string quartet, opera, mass, string orchestra with winds and brass, 30-40 musicians Romantic: emotion, expression, starving artist, nationalism, emotional emphasis, lyrical melodies, expressive rhythms, chromatic/dissonant harmony, symphonic poem and lied, new winds and brass, larger orchestra Romantic Lied: solo art song with accompaniment, usually piano; poetry set to music Song cycle: a group of songs unified by text and/or musical style Poets: Goethe and Heine find more resources at
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