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SOCI 1010 Midterm: SOCI 1010 Study Guide Test 3 Race

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East Carolina University
SOCI 1010

Study Guide Test 3 Race, Gender and Class Remember to read all the articles, your notes on any videos weve seen, and any information in the PowerPoints. Know your concepts! Be able to recognize them no matter how they are worded. Stressing Out the Poor (38088) 1. What is the link between poverty education, according to the article Stressing Out the Poor? In other words, how do the authors explain this link? A. Childhood poverty exposes children to stressful environments and demands that place pressure to the developing brain. Toxic stress directly hinders poor childrens academic performance by compromising their ability to develop the skills necessary to perform well academically. 2. What are the two alternative explanations for this connection, according to the article? A. Pathway 1: Parenting; Socioeconomic Disadvantage + Unresponsive Parenting = Achievement Gaps B. Pathway 2: Cognitive Stimulation; Lack of enrichment and exposure to certain resources 3. What is the RiskStress Model? A. Poverty Cumulative Risk Exposure Chronic Stress Low Achievement 4. What is cumulative risk? A. Cumulative Risk: the number of physical or psychosocial risks to which a child has been exposed 5. What are some of these risks for poor children? A. Ex: (1) living with a single parent, (2) family discord, (3) experiencing foster care, (4) crowded home, etc. 6. How does stress affect poor children and how does that translate to school achievement? A. Language, longterm memory, working memory, and executive control are areas of the brain most sensitive to childhood poverty. Children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds have deficits in basic cognitive functions critical to learning (and long term success). 7. What happens to kids who can avoid stressors? A. Childhood poverty did not lead to working memory deficits among children who avoided experiencing the stress that accompanies poverty. Beyond Crime and Punishment (40006) 1. Our crime rates are similar to those of other advanced (and some developing) countries. Why do we have so many more people in jailprison? A. War on Drugs B. Stricter sentencing policies for violent and repeat offenders C. Young minority males targeted (trend) 2. Who are these people? A. Drug offenders B. Young black males C. Women *fastest growing inmate population 3. Does the inmate population look like the United States overall? A. No, black men are especially overrepresented in prison and jail. 4. How does education affect inmates (think about who is more likely to be imprisoned, what they do for rehab in prison, and how this affects their chances after release)? A. Dropouts are more likely to be incarcerated. B. Young white dropouts were 1 times more likely to hold a job than black dropouts. 5. What is mandatory minimum sentencing, three strikes laws and zero tolerance? A. Attempt to reduce the supply, distribution, and use of illegal narcotics mandatory sentencing B. Habitual offender provisions 3 Strikes Law (CA): mandated long sentences for
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