[PSYC 200] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 16 pages long Study Guide!

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Emory
PSYC 200
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1/12/17 (Lecture 1)
What is science?
Psychologist “play by the rules” of science”.. (This makes Psychology a science)
ABCs--
Affect (Emotional Experience)
Behavior (Observable Action)
Cognition (Thought, process of sensory and decision making...etc)
Why do we need Psychological SCIENCE? Determining what is accurate
Avoid “traps” of common sense and pseudoscience
Goals of Psych Research
Description - detailed, clear way of understanding a phenomenon
Prediction - what is likely to occur given what is in front of me?
Explanation - cause and effect -- via true experimentation
Scientific Method
(HOMER)-
1) Hypothesize
- Testable prediction
- “if/then”
- Falsifiable
- can be induced vs. deduced
formulated from observable facts (induction)
Derived from theory (deduction)
Theory vs. hypothesis
Theory = set of ideas that attempt to specify interrelationships, broad, complex,
not directly testable
Test derived hypotheses can confirm/disconfirm a theory
- A priori (before experience) vs. post hoc (after the fact)
- Researchers trust a priori hypotheses more because starting point
is a theory rather than constrained by the data we see in front of us
(post hoc)
2) Operationalize
- Making concepts of interest TESTABLE
- Conceptual definition- abstract, dictionary def
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3) Measure
- Conduct study
4) Evaluate
- Examine data: were hyps confirmed/disconfirmed
- Data analysis
5) Revise or Replicate
- Hyp supported→ replicate study to confirm
- Hyp not supported→ revise hyp or op. def.
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