[GEOG 107] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 11 pages long Study Guide!

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7 Feb 2017
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GEOG 107
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Geo 107
Geography: describing of the Earth with a basic focus of space, place and patterns.
Greek Derivation:
Ge (geo) = earth; land
Graphien= to graph, describe or write
Classification:
Physical Geography
Human Geography
Technical Geography (GIS)
Early Geographers:
Describe Persian Empire - Herodotus
Described inhabited world, including differences Strabo
Map of world - Ptolemy
Geography is relevant.
Describes the social and natural sciences.
Techniques of Geographic Analysis
Core Concepts:
Space
o Spatial: essential modifier in framing questions and forming concepts
o Geography is a spatial science
o Distribution, movement
Place
o Location, direction, and distance
o Size (boundaries)
o Both physical structure and cultural content
o Attributes both develop and change overtime
o Content can be explained
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o Elements that interrelate w/ other places
o Places can also be generalized into region of similarities and differences
Location
o Absolute location
Based on precise and accepting system of coordinates-mathematical location
Latitude and longitude
Grid systems (street address and township)
o Relative location
Position in relation to other places or things
Expression of interconnections and interdependence of places
Some social and economic implications
Direction
o Absolute direction
North, South, East, West (cardinal points)
o Relative directions
Based on locational variable
Out West
Dow “outh
Far East
Distance
o Absolute distance
Miles, kilometers
o Relative distance
Travel cost
Time distance
Psychological perception of distance
Size vs. Scale
o Size
Small, medium, large (used by general pop.)
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