CCJ 3024 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Recidivism, Criminal Justice, Substance Abuse

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CCJ 3024
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what is criminal justice?
society's response to crime
CJ can act as a...
system
profession
bureaucracy
moral agency
academic discipline
criminal justice as a system
ways police, courts, and corrections work together to process a case from start to finish; there is
discretion at every decision point
CJ as a profession
common educational background
code of ethics
specialized tasks
quality control
lifetime membership
acquire prestige
discretion
CJ professional's ability to decide how the case should proceed at each turn, rather than mandating a
certain outcome
as a bureaucracy
governed by rules, policies;
organized in a hierarchy with clean lines of supervision;
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requires training of employees
bureaucracies and conflicting goals
courts and police agencies might have conflicting goals
morality
behaviors society deems right and wrong
ethics
application of morality in professional setting
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA)
est in 1968
distributes federal funds to improve CJ practice
Law Enforcement Education Program (LEEP)
funds college level CJ education
crime
behavior the government define as illegal
deviance
behavior that runs counter to society's expectations, beliefs, or standards
crimes are not
universal
static (prohibition)
limited to "typical crime" (don't pay attention to white-collar crime)
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