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Study Guide

[BSC 1010C] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (31 pages long!)


Department
Biological Sciences
Course Code
BSC 1010C
Professor
Pitzer
Study Guide
Final

Page:
of 31
Florida Gulf Coast University
BSC 1010C
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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CH 1
The Science of Biology
1.1- the science of life
-the conversion of radiant energy to complex reactions is known as chemistry and
physics
-biology is the study of life
-biologists- collect fossils, study whales, etc
seven living systems
-1-cellular organization- consist of one or more cells
-2-ordered complexity- structure
-3-sensitivity- all respond to stimuli
-4-growth development and reproduction
-5-energy utilization- use energy to perform work
-6-homeostasis- maintain internal conditions that are different from the
environment
-7-evolutionary adaptation- interact to influence survival
-each level builds its own level below it
-cellular level- joined into clusters called molecules
-then assembled into tiny structures called organelles
-within cells
-the organismal level-tissues to organs to organ systems
-the population level- population to species to biological community
-the ecosystem level- composed of a population that forms an ecosystem
-the largest level
-the biosphere- entire planet
1.2- The Nature of Science
-scientific method- scientist create observations and use this to conduct a hypothesis
-deductive reasoning- applies general principles to predict specific rules
-example-if mammals have hair find one that doesn't
-inductive reasoning- specific rules later on generated through general principles
-example- if various breeds of dogs all of hair than a majority have hair
-scientists make observations to construct a hypothesis- and explanation
-the test of a hypothesis is an experiment
-how it is influenced by many factors or variables
-test experiment- test the variable being altered
-control- the one left unaltered for the subjects
-uses various predictions to test a hypothesis
-reductionism- understanding complex parts
-theory- based on a general principle
1.3- An example of scientific inquiry- Darwin and Evolution
-evolution- organisms on earth have changed over time and how it has formed today
-also called natural selection- different productions of genotypes due to
environment
-humans who develop physical and behavioral characteristics are likely to survive
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