Study Guides (380,000)
US (220,000)
FGCU (80)
BSC (20)
Pitzer (10)
Study Guide

[BSC 1010C] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (31 pages long!)

Biological Sciences
Course Code
BSC 1010C
Study Guide

of 31
Florida Gulf Coast University
BSC 1010C
find more resources at
find more resources at
find more resources at
find more resources at
CH 1
The Science of Biology
1.1- the science of life
-the conversion of radiant energy to complex reactions is known as chemistry and
-biology is the study of life
-biologists- collect fossils, study whales, etc
seven living systems
-1-cellular organization- consist of one or more cells
-2-ordered complexity- structure
-3-sensitivity- all respond to stimuli
-4-growth development and reproduction
-5-energy utilization- use energy to perform work
-6-homeostasis- maintain internal conditions that are different from the
-7-evolutionary adaptation- interact to influence survival
-each level builds its own level below it
-cellular level- joined into clusters called molecules
-then assembled into tiny structures called organelles
-within cells
-the organismal level-tissues to organs to organ systems
-the population level- population to species to biological community
-the ecosystem level- composed of a population that forms an ecosystem
-the largest level
-the biosphere- entire planet
1.2- The Nature of Science
-scientific method- scientist create observations and use this to conduct a hypothesis
-deductive reasoning- applies general principles to predict specific rules
-example-if mammals have hair find one that doesn't
-inductive reasoning- specific rules later on generated through general principles
-example- if various breeds of dogs all of hair than a majority have hair
-scientists make observations to construct a hypothesis- and explanation
-the test of a hypothesis is an experiment
-how it is influenced by many factors or variables
-test experiment- test the variable being altered
-control- the one left unaltered for the subjects
-uses various predictions to test a hypothesis
-reductionism- understanding complex parts
-theory- based on a general principle
1.3- An example of scientific inquiry- Darwin and Evolution
-evolution- organisms on earth have changed over time and how it has formed today
-also called natural selection- different productions of genotypes due to
-humans who develop physical and behavioral characteristics are likely to survive
find more resources at
find more resources at
find more resources at
find more resources at