BSC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Carl Woese, Cell Membrane, Intermediate Filament

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Published on 3 Jul 2019
School
FIU
Department
Biological Science
Course
BSC 1010
Professor
BSC 1010
Chapter Three
Review Questions
1.
All the following is correct about the Golgi apparatus except that
it is
A. a processing center.
B. involved with secretion of the cellular substances.
C. studded with the ribosomes.
D. a stack of membrane-enclosed sacs.
E. an organelle.
C. studded with the
ribosomes.
2.
Along what structure do the vesicles carrying proteins destined
for secretion follow to the plasma membrane?
microtubules
3.
Both plants & animals need the mitochondria to
produce ATP.
4.
Both the plant and animal cells have a plasma membrane but
only the plant cells have a cell wall.
A. True
B. False
A. True
5.
Carl Woese in 1977 introduced the three-domain system of the
biological classification that divides cellular life forms into these
three groups.
Archaea, Bacteria,
and Eukarya
6.
Cell size is limited because ________ is critical to a cell's function.
a cell's surface area
7.
A cytoskeleton is
A. a system of tracks used for intracellular transport.
B. composed of microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate
filaments.
C. a structure that aids in the process of cell division.
D. All the choices are correct.
E. found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells.
D. All the choices
are correct.
8.
The function of the nucleolus is __________.
assembly of
mRNA.
9.
How do sperm move through the female reproductive tract
to fertilize the egg?
with the flagella
made of the
microtubules
10.
Identify the organelle - function pairing that is INCORRECT.
A. flagella - long, tail like structure used in motility of some cells
B. ribosomes - capable of producing proteins for the cell
C. plasma membrane - provides strength to cell walls
D. lysosomes - contain digestive enzymes that can digest
molecules or
cellular components
E. nucleus - houses the DNA used for controlling all cell function
C. plasma
membrane -
provides strength to
cell walls
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11.
The __________ is/are the organelle(s) where proteins are
synthesized.
ribosomes
12.
A junction which is a protein channel linking the cytoplasm,
of the adjacent animal cells is called a(n)
gap junction.
13.
Large numbers of ribosomes are present in the cells that
specialize in producing which molecules?
proteins
14.
The liver is involved in the detoxification of many poisons and
drugs. Which of the following structures is primarily involved in
this process and therefore, is abundant in the liver cells?
the smooth ER
15.
Microfilaments are well known for their role in which of the
following?
A) Changing cell shape in ameboid movement
B) formation of cleavage furrows
C) contracting of the muscle cells
D) A and B only
E) A, B, and C
E) A, B, and C
16.
The most prominent organelle visible in most eukaryotic cells is
the __________.
nucleus.
17.
An organelle found in the plant cells and some members of the
kingdom Protista but not in the animal cells is the __________.
chloroplast.
18.
The organelles, other than the nucleus that contain their own
DNA include
A) ribosomes.
B) mitochondria.
C) chloroplasts.
D) B and C
E) A, B, and C
D) B and C
19.
A phospholipid molecule has a __________ phosphate head that
is attracted to water. and __________ lipid tails repelled by the
water.
Polar hydrophilic,
nonpolar
hydrophobic
20.
Plasmodesmata in plant cells are most similar in function to
what structures in animal cells?
gap junctions
21.
A structure found to be common in the cells of all three
domains,
of Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya, is the
ribosome.
22.
What are the four kingdoms included in the diverse domain
Eukarya?
animals, plants,
fungi, and protists.
23.
What are the three original tenets of the cell theory regarding
all the organisms?
A. the cell is the
fundamental or basic
unit of life
B. all organisms are
made of one or more
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