EXP 4204 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Jaime Lannister, Retinal Ganglion Cell, Absolute Threshold

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Published on 18 Oct 2017
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Quiz 1
1. In the Aristotle illusion, to crossed fingers are
touched by a pencil. We observe that:
Two points are perceived instead of one
2. The school of thought claiming that we view the
world in terms of general patterns and well-
organized structures rather than separable
individual elements is:
Gestalt psychology
3. Which of these is not a Law of Gestalt psychology?
The law of proximate causes
4. The registering pf a physical stimulus on our
sensory receptors if referred to as:
Sensation
5. Our subjective experience of perception can be
defined as:
Phenomenology
6. The approach to perception that claims that
information in the sensory world is complex and
abundant, and therefore the perceptual systems
need only directly perceive such complexity, is
known as:
The Direct Perception View
7. A micro electrode can be used to detect the:
Activity of a single cell in a mammalian brain
8. The computational approach involves:
Specifying the computational processes that underlie
human perception
9. Wanda is smelling coffee. The receptor cells in
Wanda’s nose are:
Transducing the presence of airborne chemicals into a
neural signal
10. The study of the relation of brain damage to
changes in behavioral and cognitive functions is
known as:
Neuropsychology
11. Helmholtz and Hering disagreed about:
The nature of color vision and whether perception
involves unconscious inferences
12. Thomas Young is famous for:
The view that three nerve fibers are responsible for color
vision
13. Perception means:
Turning the sensory input into meaningful conscious
experience
14. Weber’s law refers to:
A just-notifiable difference between two stimuli is related
to the magnitude or strength of the stimuli
15. The goal of neuroscientific study of sensation and
perception is to
Understand sensation and perception in terms of the
structures and processes in the nervous system and
produce it
16. Agnosia is a(n):
Deficit in some aspect of perception as a result of brain
damage
17. Psychophysics is defined as:
The study of the relation between physical stimuli and
perception events
18. Transduction is the process of:
Converting physical energy into a neural signal
19. The doctrine of specific nerve energies argues that
Activating auditory neurons can only cause an auditory
experience
20. Which neuroscience technique measures blood flow
to different regions of the brain?
fMRI
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Quiz 2
1. The Scoville Scale measures:
The amount of capsaicin in food
2. In what method are stimuli presented in a
graduated scale, and participants must
judge the stimuli along a certain property
that goes up or down?
The method of limits
3. The smallest amount of a stimulus
necessary to allow an observer to detect
its presence is known as the:
Absolute threshold
4. The smallest difference between two
stimuli that can be detected is known as
the:
Difference threshold (or JND)
5. In absolute threshold detection
experiments, the crossover point is
defined as the:
Point at which a person changes from detecting to
not detecting a stimulus or vice versa
6. Jaime Lannister is a participant in a
psychophysical experiment on sound
detection. He is asked to determine the
softest sound he can hear at a particular
frequency. That sound can be considered
his:
Absolute threshold
7. The method whereby the threshold is
determined by presenting the observer
with a set of stimulus, some above the
threshold and some below threshold, in a
random order is the method of
Constant stimuli
8. Dr. Wongo is doing a psychological
experiment to determine the smallest
concentration of coffee that we can detect
by olfaction. In the experiment, he
presents some coffee concentrations that
are clearly detectable, others that cannot
be detected, and some that are just
detectable. These presentations are
randomized. Dr. Wango can be said to be
using the method of:
Constant Stimuli
9.
10.
11. A psychophysical method in which
precipitants judge and assign numerical
estimates to the perceived strength of a
stimulus is known as:
Magnitude Estimation
12. Electric shock shows _______ whereas
brightness perception shows ______
Response expansion, response compression
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Document Summary

Quiz 1: in the aristotle illusion, to crossed fingers are touched by a pencil. We observe that: the school of thought claiming that we view the world in terms of general patterns and well- organized structures rather than separable individual elements is: Gestalt psychology: which of these is not a law of gestalt psychology, the registering pf a physical stimulus on our. Sensation sensory receptors if referred to as: our subjective experience of perception can be. Phenomenology defined as: the approach to perception that claims that. Activity of a single cell in a mammalian brain. Specifying the computational processes that underlie human perception. Transducing the presence of airborne chemicals into a neural signal. The nature of color vision and whether perception involves unconscious inferences. The view that three nerve fibers are responsible for color vision. Turning the sensory input into meaningful conscious experience. A just-notifiable difference between two stimuli is related to the magnitude or strength of the stimuli.

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