CLT 3378 Final: A study guide of CLT 3378 going over all the key points in the exam
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1. Oedipus Greek hero. Has two mortal parents, Merope and Polybos.
“Oedipus” means oed = “swollen” and pous = “foot”; swollen foot
because he had the pins in his ankles. Oedipus is told he will kill his
father and marry his mother.
2. Laios King of Thebes. Him and his wife, Jacasta, go to Apollo to see
how they can have children.
3. Jocasta Queen of Thebes. Herself and her husband, Laios, go to Apollo
to see how they can have children.
4. Thebes Laios and Jacasta are the king and queen of Thebes.
5. Delphic oracle oracle of Apollo at Delphi. Thought of as a place
where you could communicate directly with a god at this place. Often a
priest/priestess there to act as an intermediary. Tells Oedipus he will kill
his father and marry his mother.
6. Apollo God of prophecy. Laios and Jocasta go to Apollo to see how
they can have children.
7. Delphi the place where the Oracle of Apollo was. It was thought of as
a place where you could communicate directly with a god. Often a
priest/priestess there to act as an intermediary.
8. Merope Queen of Cornith. Receive Oedipus from a shepherd and
raises him as their own.
9. Polybos King of Cornith. Receive Oedipus from a shepherd and raises
him as their own.
10.Corinth Merope and Polybos are the king and queen of Cornith.
Oedipus leaves Corinth to “save” his parents, so they wont be in danger
of him killing his father, Polybos, or marrying his mother, Merope.
11. Creon Jocasta’s brother, Oedipus’ uncle. Becomes King of Thebes
when Oedipus kills Laios.
12.Sphinx Sphinx is a monster that terrorizes Thebes. He asks a riddle
and kills whoever can’t answer it. Oedipus solves the riddle and Sphinx
jumps to her death. Creon rewards him kingship and the queen Jocasta.
The oracle has been fulfilled; he has killed his father and now married
13.Sophocles Athenian tragedian. Lived to be around 90 years old. Wrote
over 120 plays however we only have 7.
14.Oedipus the King written by Aristotle.
15.Aristotle philosopher. Uses Oedipus the king as a model for all
16.Poetics Literary criticism. Philosopher Aristotle uses this.
17.Hamartia Harmata is not a tragic “flaw”, which was the oldview, but it
was a “mistake” made by hero of tragedy. Repeated mistakes lead to
18.Anagnorisis Means recognition. At first the hero can’t really see whats
going on and then they have a moment of realization and finally realizes
what was going on as seen with Oedipus.
19.dramatic irony audience knows more than characters. This is seen as
Oedipus doesn’t realize when he kills the old man, he is really killing his
20.Teiresias bilnd prohphet. Finally tells Oedipus he is the murderer.
21.Chiton pins on Jocasta’s dress. After realizing the oracle was true, and
seeing Jocasta hung her self, he uses the pins on her dress to gauge his
22.Sigmund Freud Austrian psychiatrist. Came up with the Oedipus
Complex. According to Freud, all sons want to sleep with their mothers
and they’re jealous of the fathers.
23.Oedipus Complex Created by Freud. It is the sexual desire of son for
mother and the jealousy of son for father.
24.Herodotus Greek historian. He has a different metaphorical meaning
for Greeks. Tells the story of Hippias, the exiled Athenian tyrant.
25.Hippias exiled Athenian tyrant. Greek historian Herodotus tells his
Another Oedipus: The Tragedies of Sophocles and Seneca
26.Seneca 4 BCE – 65 CE. Roman statesman, philosopher, and author.
He was the advisor to Roman Emperor Nero and the prominent Roman
27.Stoic Seneca was the prominent Roman Stoic. Stoics believe that the
world would end in either fire or water.
28.Seneca’s Oedipus examined themes he thought was important. Had
many similarities as well as differences from Sophocles’’ Oedipus.
29.Rig Veda oldest literary work of India. Earliest form of Sanskrit
language. Rig “praise + veda “knowledge”; knowledge in the praise of
30.Sanskrit Indo-European language. Related to English, ancient Greece,
Latin, and German. The Rig Veda was the earliest form of Sanskrit
31.Vedic people composed Rig Veda. We think they called themselves the
32.Agni Vedic god of fire. Binatural god. Controls all possible senses of
33.Soma Defied sacred drink. We don’t know exactly what Soma was
made of but it was a drink that somehow produced a narcotic, high
34.Indra King of the Vedic gods. God of thunder and war. Avid drinker of
35.Vritra Dragon/serpant. Holding back all the waters of the world.
Indrud uses her thunderbolts to attack and kill Vritra and then rivers are
36.Tiamat Sea god who battles a storm god and her waters are released to
create rivers similar to Vritra. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are created
out of her eyes.
37.Sarama Indra’s dog. Loyal dog that can talk.
38.Panis demons who live beyond the River Rasa that encircles the
heaven and earth. They stole cattle, and Indra’s dog, Sarama is tracking
down the cattle.
39.river Rasa encircles the heavens and the earth. The Panis, or demons,
live beyond it.
40.Golden Embryo unknown creator god. Given the title, not the name,
as the Golden Embryo. Referred to as Hiranyagarbha. There are a lot of
internal contradictions with the golden embryo.
41.Hiranyagarbha is the Golden Embryo. Gold = hirany and
womb/seed/embryo/egg = garbha.
42.Prajapati creator god. seen in a later addition.
43.Purusha comsic giant and primeval male. He is not a human being, he
is a god and a giant. Sacrificed to create the universe.
44.Aditi female creative force/infinity. we think she is the mother of
Indra. Give birth to earth which holds up the sky.
45.Daksha male creative force. Aditi vies birth to him and he gives birth
to her. Another internal contradiction.
46.Martanda Sun god. one of Aditit’s sons. Rejected by Aditi because
the sun dies (sets) every day she thinks it’s defected.
47.Yama King of the dead. First moral to reach death realm, succefully
making it to the afterlife.
48.Three Days of Soma Ceremony. After cremation the fire burns for 3
Chinese Creation and Flood
49.Chinese Originally the indigenous languages spoken by the Han
Chinese in China. Distinguished by its high level of internal diversity.