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GLY-1102 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Bone, Triassic, DinosPremium

117 pages30 viewsFall 2018

Department
Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Science
Course Code
GLY-1102
Professor
Seth Young
Study Guide
Midterm

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GLY-1102
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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What is Science?
One way of understanding and exploring world
Attempts to answer HOW in c/e
Obseve, hypoth, logic, empirical test
Truth is siplest explaatio hich passes all epirical tests. Most are tetatie
How does science work
Question 1
Gather data 2
Formulate hypo 3
Test hypo 4
Form theory 5
Test theory 6
Often test hypo to fail, not prove
Lack of failure does not = correct
Process not sequential
Many things not considered due to view on the world
After exhaustive testing > Law
No true laws
Aesthetic method- concepts of beauty, harmony
Faith- Concepts of eternal concepts, supernatural
Political/social-compromise, consensus, power
Principle of parsimony- test easiest things first
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Dinosaurs and disasters day 2
Principle of falsifiability- Theories cannot be proven true, only proven false. 1 case can prove a theory
wrong
Encourage open-mindedness
How scientific:
Focuses on the natural world?
Aims to explain the natural world?
Uses testable ideas?
Relies on evidence?
Involves scientific community?
Leads to more research?
Benefits from scientific behavior?
Science from nonsci
Aesthetic credo: Beauty in the eye of beholder
Political laws: Can be morally, religiously, sci wrong, but no pol wrong
Religious: Generally firmly held. Alternate hypo not considered
Firmly held beliefs in sci
Prevailing paradigm: Model or theory that is static for a time. Sci is very stable, generally accepted
beliefs
Paradigm shifts: Sudden and irreversible. Often dirty and violent
Paradigm is often so convincing in a discipline, renders possibility of any alternative impossible or
unconvincing, opaque paradigm. Obscures possibility that there might be other explanations
Conviction that current paradigm is realitytends to disqualify evidence that might undermine the
paradigm itself, build of anomalies
Paradigms are drama in stable and mature ideals
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