Study Guides (238,295)
United States (119,730)
Economics (103)
ECO 2023 (33)
All (22)

Principles of Microeconomics Notes Part 2 - got a 90% on final exam

67 Pages
Unlock Document

Florida State University
ECO 2023

Introduction • Melting pot o The old view of how cultures should be • Chef salad o New view o Enjoy all the uniqueness of different cultures • Food origins o Geographical o Cultural o Historical o Why do we eat the foods we do?  Friend chicken in the south  Backed bean dinners in the north  Hearty meals in the Midwest  Germans eat sausage and potatoes  Thailand has mangoes • The immediate environment was early man’s source of food • Early food habits o Hunter-gatherers were limited by the food available in their environment  Diet determined by availability of food  Foods consumed were limited to native vegetation of the region  Early agriculture emerged from temperate regions of earth that had access to water  Domestication of animals followed  Once people moved from being hunter/gatherers into agricultural-based societies, vast communities and cultures grew  With growth came wars, conquests, and exploration  As explorers began to travel over larger areas, trade routes developed  Foods that were native to one part of the world became available worldwide  Today’s food scene around world is complex • While food is plentiful for some, some populations at risk because of crop failures, natural disasters, and political problems. • Production, distribution, and economic problems can lead to serious food shortages o Fire o Smoking  Why did early man start smoking meat • • • Agricultural developments o 12,000 BCE—Grindstones used to make flour in Upper Egypt and Nubia o 10,000 BCE—Wild emmer (wheat) was harvested in Palestine o 9,000 BCE—Einkorn (a type of wheat) was eaten in Syria o 8,000 BCE—Wheat, barley, and pulses (legumes) cultivated in Jericho o 7,000 BCE—Goats and pigs were domesticated. Barley became a food crop o 6,000 BCE—Farming established in Mesopotamia and Chine o 5,000 BCE—Wet rice farming in Eastern China and maize in Mexico o 4,500 BCE—Cattle used for plowing in the lower Danube. o 3,500 BCE—Animals used for milk and wool in Europe. Plow introduced into northern and western Europe. o 3,000 BCE—Millet Grown in Korea o 500 BCE—Wet rice farming in Japan • Luck of the draw o What European countries eat horse?  • Influences determining diets o Geography o Environmental factors o Water o Growing conditions • Irrigation has existed for thousands of years in the Nile valley o What are two foods Egyptians ate more than anything else?  o What are some fruits they ate?  • Growing conditions o Seasonal temperature o Length of growing season o Crops grow year round in countries close to the equator • Trade o Overland routes (silk route) o Sea routes around Africa o What are some things that were transmitted by people moving from one place to another to conduct business?  • Ruins of Minoan King Knossus’ palace on the island of Crete o When the castle was built  o How water was brought to the palace  • Time line of cultures o 3000 BCE—Egypt o 2000 BCE—Sumerians (Persia) o 2000 BCE-1200 BCE—Hittites (Turkey, Babylon, Syria) o 1800 BCE-1280 CE—Chinese dynasties (China) o ?-1625 BCE—Minoan (Crete) o 1500 BCE-1100 BCE—Myceneans (Greek Peloponnesus, Crete, Sicily, Troy) o 1200 BCE-612 BCE—Assyrians (Turkey, Babylon, Syria) o 700 BCE-300 BCE—Greeks (Greece, Mediterranean to India) o 612 BCE-331 BCE—Achaemenid Empire (Persian)—Middle East o 350 BCE-1200 CE—Mayan Empire (Yucatan to Guatemala) o ? BCE-284 CE—Roman Empire (Rome, Tunisia, Levant, Europe, England) o 284 CE-493 CE—Western Roman Empire (Rome and Europe) o 284 CE-1453 CE—Eastern Roman Empire (Constantinople to Adriatic) o 1206 CE-1405 CE—Mongols (Middle East, Central Asia, China, Eastern Europe) o 1300 CE-1533 CE—Incas (Peru and bordering regions) o 1345 CE-1519 CE—Aztecs (Mexico to Guatemala) • Machu Picchu, built by the Incas o What was the purpose of Machu Piccu?  • Emerging trade routes o What were the most important trade routes in Africa?  o What did they transport across the Niger river?  o Africa o The emerging trade started in the Ghana and Mali empires o New world • Food origins and destinations o How & when did these foods get to these areas?  Europe to North America • Cabbage • Onions • Pigs  Central America to Europe • Chocolate o Theobroma cacao o The history of chocolate  How did the cocoa beans get to Europe? •  Where do the best cocoa beans come from? • • Corn • Sweet potato • Tomato  Southeast Asia to Europe • Spices  China to Europe • Rice • Tea  East Africa to Europe • Coffee o What is the legend of how coffee was first found?  o How is coffee processed?  • Today’s food scene o Populations at risk  Several African nations  Bangladesh  North Korea • Droughts cause food insecurity in Ethiopia and other nations • Aspects affecting food supplies o Production o Distribution o Economics o We have plenty of food to feed to world but we cant get it to where it needs to go  Find web site/video that explains why this is Chapter 2—Cultural Parameters • Components of culture o Country of birth o Housing o Language o Lifestyle o The arts o Literature o Architecture • Art in history o What other character was famously depicted by Botticelli and others?  • The eating patterns of different cultures have meanings beyond nourishment o The same food may have different unique meanings in different cultures o Examples of food with diverse symbolism include salt and eggs o This is part of people’s cultural identity • Country of birth o The economy and agricultural conditions of a country shape the food patterns of the people within • Far east o Southeast asia and india are two of the worlds most popular tourist destinations, and for good reasons  Tropical climate  Warm all year around  Fascinating culture  Gorgeous beaches  Wonderful food and charming people  Region of contrasts o Know four countries in asia  • Middle east o Not a geographical region, like Africa, asia, or Europe o Geographically, it denotes an area in which Africa, asia, and Europe interconnect o Why call it the middle east?  • Jewish practices o Rituals and religious observances grounded in Jewish Law  Halakhah, literally “the path one walks”  An elaborate framework of divine mitzvot, or commandments, combined with rabbinic laws and traditions, this law is central to Judaism o How is the Jewish body prepared for burial?  • Hispanic Values o Hispanic people are  Vibrant, socializing, and fun loving o Most amazing culture fact  Hispanics have a deep sense of involvement in their family traditions and cultures o Hispanic music just as vibrant as rest of culture • Asian culture o Culture of asia is human civilization in asia o Features different kinds of cultural heritage of many nationalities, societies, and ethnic groups in the region, tradionally called a continent from a western-centric perspective, of asia • African culture o Continent of Africa almost as old as earth itself o Music, art, literature, and cultural practices of Africa have provoked interest and respect throughout the world o The old belief that Africa is somehow childlike in its cultural development denounced as people become more familiar with the rich traditions of the continent • Identity made up of many parameters, including divers factors such as race, religion, social order, and economic status • Also influenced by geographic location, language, and housing, along with lifestyle, literature, and the arts • What is another name for cultural geography? o • Housing o A family in a cultural group usually lives in circumstance similar to other people in that group o A house is a building that provides shelter, comfort, and protection. It is one of man’s three most important necessities o Before man knew how to build shelters, he lived in trees. The trees kept off some of the rain o Besides wood, what are some other building materials used throughout the world?  • Houses of worship o Sacred architecture (religious architecture)  A religious architectural practice concerned with the design and construction of places of worship and/or sacred or intentional space, such as churches, mosques, stupas, synagogues, and temples • Language o The rosetta stone  o Roughly 6,500 spoken languages in the world today  However, about 2,000 of those languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers • Culture clash o Most cultural groups have an artistic heritage that they consider their own o In communities with great cultural diversity, there is a sharing and exchange of cultures • Literature o The written record of a culture’s stories o Storytelling, although a verbal form of literature, is passed from generation to generation  A universal means of communicating cultural traditions, values, and beliefs, as well as a vehicle for passing onn info about history, science, government, and politics  Some stories are new, others have been handed down from the anciencts  Since the earliest times, people of all cultures have used stories to help them explain a practice, belief, or natural phenomenon  How was acting born? •  Was this a new way of storytelling? • • Architecture o Public architecture can tell you something about your cultural past by the types of buildings and their purpose o Throughout life of mankind, there have always been architecture o Houses, castles, even a room has to do with architecture o Each room, house, or castle would have to conform to a certain type of mold and have designs which were considered the norm of that period • Immigration o Not undermining the American experiment; it is an integral part of it o We are a nation of immigrants o Successive waves of immigrants have kept our country demographically young, enriched our culture and added to our productive capacity as a nation, enhancing our influence in the world o What was the purpose of Ellis Island?  • Special messages of food o Salt  Long history of use in rituals of purification, magical protection, and blessing.  Has been used throughout the ages as a ward against negative energies or evil spirits  The word “salary” comes from the latin word salarium, which means salt  When did salt become a commodity? • o Eggs  Celebrated since dawn of time, egg is a symbol of fertility, creation, and new life  Ancient Persian and celtic cultures celebrated the spring equinox with the gift of red-dyed eggs  What are some things that eggs symbolize? • Chapter 3—Religions • Hinduism o The oldest continuing religion in the world o Hindu temple  Who dwells in the temples? • o Prominent Hindu Gods  Brahma  Vishnu  Shiva o Main beliefs  Caste system—social stratification and restriction into four main groups, plus the Untouchables group  Reincarnation—after the death of the body, the soul returns to live in a new body  Respect for life—divinity is thought to be infused with all beings, including plants and non-human animals o Untouchables in India  Do the Untouchables still exist in modern India? •  Is it legal? • o Holidays  During holidays throughout the year, many of the gods and goddesses hold prominent places during celebrations o Food practices  Food is offered at shrines as part of religious beliefs  Many Hindus are vegetarian  Beef is sacred and not eaten  Who eats beef in india besides tourists? • • Buddhism o History  Began in 530 BCE  Based on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)  Prominent in Southeast Asia o Foundations of Buddhism  The four noble truths • What are they? o  10 precepts (dasa-sila) • The basic Buddhist code of ethics o Buddhism in practice  Festivals  Food practices • Confucianism and Taoism o Shintoism  Festivals • Which instrument plays a large part in Shinto festivals? o • Judaism o Religious celebrations  Passover • Seder plate • What is Passover? o o Traditions o Food practices  Matzah—unleavened bread for passover o Kashruth • Christianity o Religious holidays o Food practices o Christian churches • Islam (muslim) o Five pillars of Islam:  Shahada (creed)  Salat (prayers)  Saum (fasting)  Zukat (purifying tax)  Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) o Roles  Islamic man  Islamic woman and child o Architectural heritage  Who guards the pyramids? • o Historical perspective  Crusaders captured Jerusalem from Islam in 1099 CE  Saladin recaptured Jerusalem in 1187  Christianity overthrew the Moors in Spain in 1492  Ottoman Empire ended with World War II o Muslim calendar  Seasons—354-day lunar calendar  Holidays move through the seasons due to the difference of 11 days o Dietary laws  Do not eat the flesh of carrion (animals found dead)  Do not consume blood in any form  Avoid swine  Do not eat food that was given as an offering to idols  Do not drink alcohol or other inebriating substances o Islamic sects  Shiite—centered in Iran and Iraq  Sunni—Centered in Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Egypt  Sufis—a smaller sect including the Whirling Dervishes • Seventh Day Adventist o A protestant-based religion with emphasis on the Old Testament o Begun in the United States o Saturday is their day of rest o They follow a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet • Linking the religions together o Video outlining six main religions of the world  o Video timeline showing how six main religions spread over time  Chapter 4—The British Isles • Located off the coast of Europe • Made up of England, Scotland, and Wales on the larger island, while Ireland and Northern Ireland are situated on the smaller island • All these countries are part of the United Kingdom • During 18 and 19 centuries, the British Empire was a major world power • British isle influence on America o Original colonists in America were from Great Britain o Basis of American cuisine began with the preferences of these settlers for familiar foods from their native roots o What were some foods eaten at the first thanksgiving?  • Geographical overview o Larger island  Scotland  England  Wales o Smaller island  Northern Ireland  Ireland • History and culture o Stonehenge—1700 BCE o Hadrian’s wall o Monarchy o Empire • York Minster—A large Gothic cathedral in northern England • 4 castles in Scotland o Edinburgh Castle o o o • Food patterns o Differences in food patterns based on class distinction o Higher class meal  o Peasant type meal  o Class influence  Breakfast  Lunch  Afternoon tea th • What did Anna Maria, the 7 Duchess of Bedford of Woburn Abbey in Bedfordshire do to change the history of tea drinking in England? o  Dinner • Country distinction o Isolated from the European continent o Pubs exist throughout the area o Many palaces, a heritage from the past, are present • England o Steak and kidney pie o Shepherd’s pie o Cornish pasties o Mulligatawny o Toad-in-the-hole o Sally Lun • Scotland o Haggis  What is haggis made of? • o Blood pudding o Finnan Haddie o Kippers o Cockaleekie Soup o Bannocks o Shortbread o What are a few ingredients that Americans may find unappetizing?  • Wales o Cawl  A hearty broth which has been made in wales for hundres of years, especially on Wales’ national day, St. David’s Day, on March 1  The rich stew or soup is made with Welsh lamb or seafood, leeks, parsnips, potatoes and carrots  Traditionally takes hours to cook o Laverbread  Not really bread, but a sea vegetable “pophrya Umbilicus” that is cleaned, boiled, and shredded to the consistency of cooked spinach  Very nutritious and tastes a bit like spinach, and is very high in vitamin C, calcium, iodine, and protein o Pikelets o Welsh rarebit • Ireland o Irish stew o Irish soda bread o Corned beef and cabbage o Pubs & Beer  What does it mean that a british pub was a “tied house”? • Holidays o Christmas  Wassail  Plum pudding • Influence on American cuisine o Thanksgiving  Pumpkin pie usually prepared for the thanksgiving holiday dinner is a mix of English custard pie and the mashed pumpkins the native americans o Fruits and veggies only available if they could survive the cold climate, which is why the potatoes serve such an important role in the british and north European cuisine o Traditional british cuisine relied heavily on animal products, including meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products o British cuisine relied on naturalness and simplicity, yet the northern European influence in american cuisine is the major contributing factor in high cholesterol and obesity in american culture today • Sustainability in british cuisine o An enormous amount of food waste is generated each year o Decomposing food creates methane, a greenhouse gas o How are sustainable practices being used to reverse the effects of food waste in the British Isles?  Chapter 5- Scandinavia • Made up of Sweden, finland, Norway, and Denmark • Due to geographic location in far north, climate has significant effect on culture o An area of estremes—days that remain light for 24 hours during summer to days that remain dark for 24 hours during winter o Changes in available light cause a short, but plentiful growing season • Food is saved from the summer to be used throughout the winter months • Influenced by the sea o Influenced history, culture, and cuisine throughout Scandinavia • Scandinavia at-a-glance o The people of Scandinavia share common bonds wrought by their Nordic geography, culture, and history o Norway’s unrivaled scenery offers soft adventure in clean air and pure water of mountains, fjords, islands, and coasts o Throughout Scandinavia world-class design and architecture embrace the depth of human potential • Sweden o One of the largest countries in Europe, with great diversity in its nature and climate. Distinctive yellow and blue flag is one of national emblems that reflect centuries of history between Sweden and its Nordic neighbors o What is the meaning behind the Swedish idea of “lagom?” o What was the activity representing traditional Swedish design and craftsmanship? • Denmark o Based in northern Europe and is the smallest of the Scandinavian countries o Kingdom of Denmark also has 2 autonomous provinces—the Faroe Islands and Greenland  the latter is over 500 times larger than Denmark but has 100 times less o the most southern country in Scandinavia, which makes the land mor cultivable and suitable fore livestock • Finland o Diet combines traditional country fare and upper class cuisine with modern continental style cooking  Spices have been adopted from both the east and west o Finnish cultivated berries have a special taste due to the strains cultivated here are different and ideally suited to the colder climate. These berries are used to make liqueurs and wine. o Finland also has one of the oldes breweries in Scandinavia o The midnight sun  What is the natural phenomenon of the midnight sun? • • Norway o Land of the Norwegian Vikings is full of tradition exemplified by its rustic stave churches, traditional foods and its fold dances, but it is also modern  This technologically-advanced nation is rich in petroleum and hydroelectric energy o Considered one of the last great natural frontiers of the world o Fish is popular o When fish is slated and dried it is called what?  o Which fish is most popular?  • Scandinavian history and culture o Vikings  Came from the Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Norway and Denmark). Later they settled on Iceland, great britain, Ireland, france and Russia  Who did the Vikings build relationships with that began the integration of their cultures? •  What city had a large Viking influence and became a major trading center for the Vikings? • o Rich political history o Religion  The evangelical Lutheran church (den danske folkekirke) is state- supported. It accounts for about 83% of denmark’s religious affiliation  Denmark has had religious freedom guaranteed since 1849 by the constitution  Numerous other religions officially recognized, including several Christian denominations, muslim, jewish, Buddhist, hindu and other congregations as well as asatru, a revival of Scandinavian pagan traditions o What restaurant was amed 3 best restaurant in the world in 2009, and what city is it in?  o Christmas in Scandinavia  Celebrated on the 24 of December in Scandinavia • Begins with advent, the first Sunday in December  In Denmark and Sweden, the advent wreath carries four candles, one of which is lit on each of the four Sundays leading up to Christmas eve on th the 24 December. • They are often decorated with spruce twigs, red berries, moss and ribbons  Lucia night: December 13—dedicated to st. lucia, who represents the queen of the light o Arts  Simplicity of design  Appreciation of color and design  Rosemaling (bottom picture) • Traditional folk art in Norway • Translates into “decorative flower painting”  The arts flourished in the 18 and 19 centuries o The food larder  Fish is a staple in Scandinavia  What is sweden’s most traditional fish?  Crops are limited  Danes are noted for animal products  Norwegians make some cheese o Smoking  Foods have been preserved by smoke-curing since before the dawn of recorded history  People in all cultures the world over have relied on the smoke-curing of fish and meat products for long-term storage  Smoking today is used to enhance flavor  How do you stop the curing process before smoking? •  What is used to neutralize any remaining salt? o Meat  One of the main elements of any Scandinavian meal  Fish represent a large percentage of the meat found in Scandinavian dishes • Both saltwater fish like the herring and inland water fish like, trout or almon, are prepared in hundreds of ways and recipes  Tasty and original inlagd sill—which is a dish of picked herrings—is accompanied by different fish soup types  Surstromming is a dish of Baltic herring and salmons also find their special place in the Swedish and Norwegian cuisine in dishes such as the gravid lax  Moose and deer meat are also used sometimes to prepare traditional dishes, but pork and poultry are still predominant  Dishes like smorgasbord and kottbullar, the tasty Swedish meatballs, should be on your list if you ever eat out in a Scandinavian restaurant or if you visit any of the Scandinavian countries o Food patterns  Norwegian • Rommegrot—breakfast porridge • Lefse—flatt bread • Fiskebeller—fish balls • Finnbiff/Reindeer Stew o Reindeer is synonymous with Sami culture and life but the Norsemen have readily accepted the goodness of reindeer cuisine o A dish that is icon of Norwegian culture is finnbiff, or reindeer stew  Denmark • Kringle—nut filled coffee cake • Frikadeller—danish meatballs  Finland • Karelian stew—mixed meat stew • Lanttulaatikko—rutabaga casserole  Sweden • Spritsar—ring-shaped cookies • Arter med flask—pea soup with pork • Sillgratin—herring and potato bake  Finnbiff/Reindeer Stew • Reindeer is synonymous with Sami culture and life but the Norsemen have readily accepted the goodness of reindeer cuisine • A dish that is icon of Norwegian culture is finnbiff, or reindeer stew • Sustainable Scandinavia o Sustainability has been important in Sweden for years  Many people buy organic or grow their own food o Oslo’s urban agriculture and organic foods  o What kind of programs does Sweden provide for children and adults to learn about sustainable farming?  Chapter 6—Central Europe • Geographic overview o Germany o Austria o Switzerland o Benelux  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg • Central Europe th o While there were many wars in this region through 20 century, Switzerland remained neutral in these battles  The considerable interchange among the other countries has caused numerous changes in boundaries and some melding of cultures o There are distinct differences in cuisine, especially among special holiday dishes o Central Europe is also birthplace of many of the classical composers and artists • History o Trading powers  Dutch East India Company • Chartered in 1902 to protect and control dutch trade in the indian ocean, and game them a monopoly of trade in the east • What main product did the Dutch East India Company supply to Europe? o o Powerful trading families  Habsburg family—originated in Switzerland, and had many influences and titles in Austria and Germany o The world wars  World war I (1914-1918) • Allied powers o Britain, france, Italy, Russia, Serbia, US • Central powers o Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire • Austria declared war on Serbia, then Germany declared war on Russia • Results o Collapse of Austria-Hungary Empire and Ottoman Empire —remapped central Europe  World war II (1939-1945) • Germany invaded Poland; britain and france declared war on Germany • Axis powers—germany, Italy, japan • Allied powers—united Kingdom, soviet union, US • Results o Germany was divided into east and west Germany with berlin wall separating them • united nations was formed • culture o holidays and celebrations  the netherlands • many celebrate religious holidays such as easter and Christmas • Christmas is celebrated over 2 days, Dec 25 & 26 • Christmas dinner includes a roast and vegetables • Kerstkrans—christmas puff pastry wreath filled almond paste filling  Germany • Celebrates Christian holidays such as easter and Christmas • Christmas—also celebrated over Dec 25 & 26. o 26 is called boxing day • Christmas dinner contains roast goose with sides ranging from potatoes, cabbage, and sauerkraut • Oktoberfest o Began with a royal wedding in 1810 o Citizens of munich were invited to attend the festivities held on the fields in front of the city gates to celebrate the event o Today the beer celebration is the largest festival in the world with carousels, roller coasters, and activities for all age o In 2010, Oktoberfest celebrated its 200 anniversary o Only wars and choler epidemics have briefly interrupted the yearly celebration o The arts  Many composers of classical music are from this region, including bach, handel, Beethoven, brahms, and wagner from Germany and Mozart and strauss from Austria  Much of the most prized art was created by artists from central Europe, like the Flemish painters Pieter brueghel the elder and Pieter brueghel the younger, jan brueghel, rubens, and van dyck  The Netherlands also gave us Rembrandt, van gogh, and Vermeer • Know these foods o Switzerland  Mueseli  Raclette  Fondue • What is added to the cheese to make fondue? o  Gruyere cheese factory • After pressing into the mold, how long until the gruyere is ready? o The netherlands  Rijsttafel  Appelflappen  Hutspot o Belgium  Belgian waffles  Belgian endive  Stoemp  Waterzooi  Lapin  Belgium chocolate • Considered to be the courmet standard for how other chocolates are compared to • Godiva is one of many famous Belgium chocolage brands • What is a Belgium praline? o o Germany  Schnapps  Sauerkraut • German for “sour cabbage” • Although its though of as a german invention, Chinese laborers building the great wall of chine over 2,000 years ago ate it as standard fare • When making sauerkraut, how long must it have to sit before it is ready to serve? o  Sauerbraten  Schnitzel  Pumpernickel  Know some foods that originated in Germany that are common in the US • Potato salad, deviled eggs, dill pickles, pickled beets, sugar cookies, meatloaf, mashed potatoes, pot roast, beef stew, chicken and dumplings, doughnuts, and chocolate cake  The cuisine • Rich sauces, delicate asparagus, fragrant hams, earthy, musty breads, and eye-watering mustards, and its almost legendary balance of assertive, gamey meats with green herbs and rich compotes make it one of the great cold-weather cuisines • The “meat and potatoes” concept originates in Germany • Beer is a german import; we consume 35 gallons per person per year • Hamburgers and frankfurters get their names from german cities  Food and culture timeline • Pre-1000 CE: Germany begins o Chinese taught romans, who taught germans how to make sauerkraut o Romans colonized area and brought their eating and drinking habits • Pre-renaissance o Poor agricultural methods: preserved food, smoked, picked, marinated, salted o Famous for sausages and west phalian ham • 1200 CE o Germany affected by dutch and Danish influence • Late renaissance: 1200-1300s o Exotic spices introduced as people became affluent o Middle eastern influence brought marzipan and almond cookies • Lat e1400s o Cookbook collections began o Peruvian potatoes, Malaysian mustards, and Persian almonds and saffron • Mid 1700s o Fredrick the great commanded that the potato be planted all over his empire o Coffee, sugar, and rice, which were previously enjoyed only by the rich, were now available to the masses o Austria  Wiener schnitzel • Traditionally made with veil, today many use pork  Apfel strudel, sacher torte • Where did sacher torte come from? o  Well known and traditional Austrian foods • • Beer o A favorite beverage throughout central Europe o Name a beer from central Europe seen in the US today  o History  Historians speculate that prehistoric nomads may have made beer from grain and water before learning to make bread  200 AD—Beer-making is firmly established as a commercial enterprise in Germany, Austria, and England  When was the first commercial brewery opening in the US? •  Why was beer trusted over water? •  What country did lager beers originate? • • Sustainability in central Europe o How is central Europe’s food and culture being changed by sustainability/becoming more sustainable?  o What are the goals of the sustainable farming program at the swiss university  o What even did franklin college students recently participate in to clean up local areas  o What other sustainabl
More Less

Related notes for ECO 2023

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.