Family Relationships: A Life Span Development Approach [NOTES Part 13] - 4.0ed the course

3 Pages

Family and Child Sciences
Course Code
FAD 2230

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Chapter 9 – Raising Children  Raising Children • There are different approaches to raising children based upon culture and time in  history • However, there are some similarities that are emerging across the world: → Other people and institutions are becoming increasingly involved in raising  children → Parents encourage permissiveness and children independence → A high value is placed on boys than girls in most societies   Socialization: Learning to be human • Socialization: process by which we learn and internalize the attitudes, roles,  expectations, and cultural values of society to function as human beings • There are many different views/theories on socialization → Most are child development oriented → Socialization is a lifelong process  Freudian theory • Sigmund Freud and psychoanalytic theory • Personality is developed in three parts → I : the part of the personality that includes biological drives and needs for  immediate gratification; works off of the pleasure principle → Ego : the rational component of the personality that attempts to balance the need  for immediate gratification with the demands of society; morality principle → Supereg : this is our conscience, which draws upon our cultural values and norms  to help us understand why we cannot have everything we want; reality principle  Piagetian theory • Jean Piaget and cognitive development → Sensorimotor Stage: first stage (from birth to 2) in which infants and toddlers  understand the world primarily through touch, sucking, listening, and looking ⇒ As a parent, you should give them more things that they can touch and put in  their mouth and learn in those ways → Preoperational thought: second stage (from ages 2 to 7) as the child learns  language symbolic play, and symbolic dr
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