AMH-2097 Study Guide - Final Guide: Emmett Till, Indian Termination Policy, Desegregation

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31 Jan 2017
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11/10/2014 6:23:00 PM
Anti-Italian sentiment
Ethnic enclaves
o Little Italy
Language
darker skin
catholic
refusal to accept outside help
mafia myth: majority of Italians are apart of mafia
o way to exaggerated
o Italian immigrants were more likely to be victims
Labor and politics
Sacco and Vanzetti (Italian immigrants)
Braintree, Mass. 1920
o Was a robbery of the payroll at a shoe factory
o Sacco and Vanzetti were charged but didn’t do it, they had no
connections to each other
o Both were put to death in electric chair
o Sacco may have had some knowledge of the crime, but
Vanzetti had none
o “trial of the century”
o for American media this was a victory over immigration and
communism (not for international media)
turn of century nativism
public policy
violence
academic/scientific
economic
immigration restriction league
formed after a severe economic depression inn 1894
high society members
racist motivations, but also social reform
immigrant assimilation model and Anglo conformity
weren’t successful till WW1 and red scare
WW1 and red scare (red scare: communist are gunna take over)
1917, communist Gov. est. in Russia
fear immigrants are communist
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connects to Sacco and Vanzetti
immigrant restriction
emergency quota act 1921
restricts new immigrants from a country
3% of a country’s 1910 population in US
limits immigration to about 358K/year
fake example: Zamunda had 1,000 immigrates on 1910 US census
o 1921: only 30 new Zamundans can come
1910 census was picked because it significantly limited the number
of people that can come form eastern Europe and Russia
only addresses Europe
national origins act 1924
stricter act
all-encompassing (not just Europe)
2% of the 1890 immigrant population from a country
limits immigration to 164k/year
US main immigration law until 1965
Italian success in America
Mutual aids societies
Hard work
Patriotism during WW2
2nd 3rd and 4th generations are more suited for American life
o education
o bilingual
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Japanese Americans 11/10/2014 6:23:00 PM
Japan 1600-1850
Military rule under Shoguns
Very closed off society controlled by military forces
Cut off from outside world
No cultural influences or trade
No in or out migration
Emigration is outlawed
Loyalty, discipline, honor, and obedience
Opening of Japan 1853
Commodore Perry, US navy
Restoration of Japanese Emperor 1868
o By resorting the emperor they would open up relations to the
rest of the world…modernization of Japan
Rapid modernization
o Built a modern army and navy
o And industrialized japan
Push factors
Changes in taxation
Before, taxes were based on agricultural production
Then changed, based on how much value a persons land is worth
Overpopulation and Agricultural under performance means a lot of
people have no options
So the emperor allows for emigration
Pull factors
Economics
Japanese people went to other peoples in Asia
First experience in America was Hawaii
o Banana and sugar cane plantations
o Virgin spoil epidemics
o So Japanese were recruited as laborers on sugar plantations
(resembled work that Africans did)
o Japanese became largest ethnic group on Hawaiian islands
Chinese exclusion Act, 1882
o But farmers still need farm laborers so that opens the door for
Japenese
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Document Summary

Mafia myth: majority of italians are apart of mafia: way to exaggerated, italian immigrants were more likely to be victims. Vanzetti had none: trial of the century , for american media this was a victory over immigration and communism (not for international media) turn of century nativism. Economic immigration restriction league formed after a severe economic depression inn 1894. Weren"t successful till ww1 and red scare immigrant assimilation model and anglo conformity. Ww1 and red scare (red scare: communist are gunna take over) 1917, communist gov. est. in russia fear immigrants are communist. Connects to sacco and vanzetti immigrant restriction emergency quota act 1921. 3% of a country"s 1910 population in us limits immigration to about 358k/year fake example: zamunda had 1,000 immigrates on 1910 us census: 1921: only 30 new zamundans can come. 1910 census was picked because it significantly limited the number of people that can come form eastern europe and russia.

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