[INR 3003] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (30 pages long!)

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INR 3003
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Introduction to Realism (Jan 9-13)
1. Classical Realism (Hans Morgenthaw)
1. A response to US idealism
2. Pursuit of power (realpolotik)
2. Neo-Realism (Kenneth Waltz)
1. Aka structural Realism
2. Assumptions
1. States are Rational Unitary Actors
2. States seek security
3. Anarchy
3. Balance of power
1. Alliances
2. Bandwagoning
3. Balancing
4. Polarity
1. Uni-polarity (hegemonic stability theory)
2. Bi-polarity
3. Multi-polarity
5. Security Dilemma -- Prisoners Dilemma (game theory)
Relative Gains = zero sums
Absolute Gains = non-zero sum
Conservative - Realists (NOT EVERY TIME)
Realism was the first theory
Acquisition of power
The state is the "Priary Ator" does’t ea they o ot elieve i other orgaizatios
State (country or nation-state) is the largest actor in the international system
Independent and legitimate entity defined by its territorial border with sovereign power to
conduct its own affairs
Sovereignty is a situation where the state possesses "legal autonomy" and can determine policy within
its borders by its own right
** Thucydides, Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbs, Clausewitz**
Classical Realism --> Hans Morgenthau - "Politics Among Nations"
President --> Woodraw Wilson - was the architect of American Idealism (WWI)
Decided to work on improving communication
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Democracy is the way to PLACE
League of Nations
Bring states together
Result in collective security
Hobbs - mankind is aggressive (evil)
When a state proposes for war, neighbor states become "nervous" --> "security dilemma"
Realists: Never look like "easy pray"
Shift Realism (1970)
Direct shift from the cold war
Period of "cool off" (détente)
Kenneth Waltz - Neo-Realism/ Structural Realism
Focus on security
Less aggressive
Behavior (based on other states' actions
"self-help" (Israel)
Won't/ can't rely on others for guaranteed help
States are rational unitary actors
Anarchy ; no other power that can force states to behave
Anarchy does breed insecurity
Alliances - short-term and easy to remove
Should never rely on alliances (vulnerability)
Bandwagoning
Weak powers seek protection from great powers (Jurgens then Mongols)
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