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Social Psychology COMPLETE NOTES [Part 2] -- got 92% in the course

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Department
Psychology
Course
SOP 3004
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
  Genes, culture, and gender •  First and foremost → Evolutionary theory ⇒ Foundation for studying all biology ⇒ Allows for development of new predictions ⇒ Provides framework for human behavior  Nature • Evolutionary perspective → 3 major components to evolution: ⇒  Heritability : A large percentage of genes passed on from parents ⇒ variation : A small percentage of genes change randomly ⇒ natural selection : Some variations are more beneficial for survival than others;  determines which random variations are passed on through heredity   EEA: environment of evolutionary adaptedness • “Modern” humans are thought to first emerge 130,000 years ago • Many aspects of today’s environment are different from EEA. • Evolution explains human psychology in terms of what was adaptive in EEA – not today  Discord between genes and environment •   Humans crave sweet and fatty foods • These were precious commodities in the EEA. •  Today, these things are too easily available   Fear and the EEA •  Based on the EEA, what should we fear? →  Snakes → Spiders →  Social rejection  Fear and the Error management theory •   Error management theory (EMT) •  We are biased to make errors in the more adaptive direction → Not attending to potential threats more dangerous than over­attending (play it safe!) → False positive: over­attending → Miss: under­attending  Genes and Environment •  Do our genes shape who we are? →  Genes don’t shape who you are by themselves, they only account 50% of individual  variation • The environment experience →   Affects brain development • Nature vs. Nurture → False dichotomy → Interaction – the effect of one factor depends on another factor → Often phrased as a competition between two topics → influence each other ⇒  People react differently in different situations ⇒ People choose/create their environments →  Epigenetics ⇒ Environment influences gene expression ⇒   Neural networks affected by use  Culture: enduring behaviors, ideas, and attitudes shared by a large group and passed from one  generation to the next  • Evolved cultural animals • Dunbar study: analyzed brain size in animals com
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