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Social Psychology COMPLETE NOTES [Part 14] -- got 92% in the course

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Department
Psychology
Course
SOP 3004
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 9 – Prejudice  Prejudice and intergroup relations • Stereotype → Generalized cognition about members of a group ⇒ New Yorkers are rude and always in a hurry • Prejudice → A generalized attitude toward members of a group ⇒ Dislike for members of Al Qaeda • Discrimination → Behaviors directed toward people on the basis of their group membership ⇒ Denying someone a job because of their race or gender  Stereotypes – Always wrong? • No → Women do tend to be more nurturing than men → However, many stereotypes are wrong and are linked to negative prejudice  Traditional vs. modern Discrimination • Traditional → School segregation, voting rights, etc. ⇒ Institutionalized, legal, systematic • Modern → Informal hiring practices, social interactions, etc. → More subtle but often just as damaging  Aversive Racism • Aversive racism: alternating positive and negative responses to black people → Egalitarian values and non­prejudiced self­image → Negative feelings (discomfort) and beliefs → Response is determined by presence of nonracial justification for negative  response  Modern approaches to sexism • Glick and Fiske argued that attitudes toward women are ambivalent → Benevolent sexism: paternalism, seeing woman as virtuous and fragile → Hostile sexism: angry responses to feminism and female dominance  Prejudice and stereotypes – origins • Motivational origins → Social identity theory ⇒ We want to feel good about ourselves ⇒ Our identity (partly) comes from groups to which we belong ⇒ Seeing our group as better than other groups raises self­esteem ⇒ Strong ingroup identification ­> strong outgroup prejudice • FSU students who really see themselves as Seminoles are more likely to  dislike gators ⇒ When self­esteem is threatened, people derogate outgroup members • After receiving poor grade, majority students more likely to derogate  minorities • Cognitive Origins → Categorization ⇒ Accentuation effect: tendency to exaggerate differences between members of  different categories ⇒ P’s also underestimated within category differences ⇒ Outgroup homogeneity effect • Tendency to perceive more similarity among members of groups we don’t  belong to than among members of our own group • “they all look the same” → Illusory correlation ⇒ Perceiving a correlation where none exist or over­estimating it’s magnitude ⇒ Caused by “distinctiveness”  From stereotypes to Prejudice • Two stage process → Activation ⇒ Stereotype comes to mind → Application ⇒ Using stereotypes  Dual attitude approach • People have explicit and implicit att
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