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PSY 2012- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 50 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY-2012
Professor
Edward James Hansen
Study Guide
Final

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FSU
PSY 2012
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSY 2012- Lecture 1- Research Method
Why is good methodology important?
Prevent us from making mistake
Fallacies in thinking
Inundated with data, information, statistics.
How do we process it
Mental shortcuts ( heuristics)
Sometimes leads to faulty thinking and poor decision.
Ex: melted chocolate, virgin Mary
Autistic Communication
Facilitated communication: by having another individual place their hand on the child- guiding
their typing on a keyboard.
Control group is a comparison group.
Peer review and control group, and repeatable experiment are science.
Experimentation
Experimental treatment
-Independent variable, treatment, intervention
Measurement/outcomes
-Dependent variable.
Control Group (IV) is the comparison.
Independent variable is the one is manipulate
Dependent variable is the result.
Avoiding Confirmation Bias
Use single blind design
- the participant have no idea they are being tested
Use double blind design
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- both the designer and the participant is clueless
Replicate
-redo it to see if it work by receive the same result.
Experimenter and Method Effects
Hawthorne effect: the researcher can affect its own experiment.
The method you use can also affect the experiment.
Natural observation: doing research without interfere.
Survey: produce more lying. Or interview.( avoid direct contact)
Reduce social desirability: saying what people want to hear instead of your own.
How do research done
Naturalistic observation: happen naturally
Illusory correlation: when there is no correlation.
Survey: self-report data
Sampling
Convenience Sampling
Problem: when make it general instead of specific
Bad Sampling:
Ex: when doing survey for relation instead of asking married people. You asked everyone.
Solution:
-random assignment, use larger size. Always debrief the participants.
Replication
Reliability: gave about the same result
Validity: does it measure the test
- Ex: is test valid to measure intelligence, personality.
Case Studies: studying a person for a long time.
-use because it is impossible to reproduce a research.
Ethics People
During experiment.
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