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Review Sheet for Final Exam

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REL 2240
Elecia Kelley

Rel 2240: Introduction to the New Testament (Fall 2013) Review Sheet for Final Exam Time and Location of Exam th Wednesday December 11 12:30 – 2:30 pm Our regular classroom Structure of Exam 25 multiple choice (50%) 15 fill-in-the-blank (15%) 10 identification (10%) 5 short answer (25%) Terms to Remember Abraham (in Paul’s letters)- Known as “Father of the Jews” since all Jews are descended from him Antichrist- “one who opposes Christ”; term used for anyone who stands against Christ like the secessionists form 1 John and also for the enemy of Christ that will appear at the end of time according to revelation Apocalypse (genre)- where an author reports symbolic dreams or visions, given or interpreted through an angelic mediator- generally reveal the heave nly mysteries that can make sense of earthly realities Apocalyptic freeloading - when the apocalypse was coming “so soon” that people quit their jobs to wait for the end, while others who kept their job still had to support those who had quit Apocalypticism- worldview held by many ancient Jews and Christians. Maintained that the present is controlled by evil forces, but this evil will be destroyed at the end of time when god intervenes to bring in his kingdom Baptism- Christian initiation ritual that origina lly involved being immersed in water to accomplish a union with Christ in his death Bishop- means “overseer”- referring to a leader of an early Christian church Cephas- one of the main leaders of the earliest Christian church in Jerusalem, was an alternati ve name for the apostle Paul Conversion-“turning around”, those who radically change their religious views/beliefs st Cornelius- 1 gentile convert in Acts Cynic philosophy- street preachers- lived “according to nature” with none of the niceties of life Deacon- church official Deutero-Pauline epistles- letters of Ephesians, Colossians, and 2 Thessalonians. Have a secondary standing in the Pauline corpus b/c not fully sure that Paul wrote them Diatribe- refers to a kind of writing where the author advances hi s argument by laying out objections and then providing responses to them Domitian- Roman emperor from 81 -96- Ruled when the book revelation was written Eschatology-“study of the end times”- used to describe what will happen at the “end” Galatia-where Paul established some churches; confused on circumcision of gentiles st Gamaliel- famous rabbi of 1 century Judaism Gematria- Jewish method of interpreting a word on the basis of the numerical value of its letters Heresy-any worldview or set of beliefs deemed by those in power to be deviant, means “choice” Judicial model- one of the two principal ways that Paul understood or conceptualized the relationship between Christ’s death and salvation. Salvation is comparable to a legal decision where god treats humans as not guilty for committing acts of transgression against his laws Junia-woman mentioned in Romans 16:7 and called prominent among the apostles Justification by faith- Doctrine found in Paul’s letters that trusting in the effects of Christ’s death rather than doing the works prescribed by the law justifies a person Manumission- term for setting a slave free, usually by paying the owner Matthias- the replacer of Judas after he hangs himself; chosen by betting lots to “let God decide” Meat offered to idols -been sacrificed to pagan deities and then offered for consumption. Corinthians debated whether Christians were allowed to eat this meat Nero- ruler when many of Paul’s letters,, and death, are to be dated - roman emperor from 54-68 Paidagogos- “custodian”, refers to slave in charge of the children of a household Parousia- “presence” or “coming” to refer to the second coming of Jesus in judgment at the end of time Participationist model - one of the two principal ways that Paul understood the relationship betwee n Christ’s death and salvation. Understood sin to be a cosmic force that enslaved people, salvation came by participating in Christ’s death through baptism Pastoral epistles- Paul allegedly wrote to two pastors: 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus Pentecost- Jewish agricultural festival, celebrated 50 days after the feast of the Passover Pliny the Younger- roman aristocrat who served as governor, one of the first provincial governors to have persecuted Christians Presbyter-“elder”- leader of an early church Pseudepigrapha-“false writings” referring to noncanonical Jewish and Christian texts Pseudonymity- practice of writing under a false name Stephen- delivered a letter to Paul… Tarsus- city of Cilicia, where the apostle Paul came from Thecla-female disciple of Paul whose adventures are narrated in the Acts of Thecla Undisputed Pauline epistles - romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, and Philemon Whore of Babylon - image used in the book of revelation to refer to the city of Rome. Called a whore because of its ways of dealing with other countries 666- the number of the beast= antichrist; the numerical value of the letters in the antichrist’s name (Nero’s name added up to this number…) Review Questions 1. What are the major characteristics o f Jewish apocalypticism? Dualism- forces of good vs. forces of evil; Age belongs to the forces of evil (sin), but age to come belonged to God (no suffering or death) Pessimism- those who sided with God were going to suffer in this age and nothing you could do to stop it. The righteous couldn’t make their lives better because the forces of evil were in control and much stronger than they. Vindication- is universal and would affect the entire world. Universal corruption required universal redemption: God woul d destroy all evil and create a new heaven and earth. Imminence- vindication would occur very soon. Those who were evil had to repent before it was too late and those suffering were to hold on for the Savior was coming soon 2. Why do many scholars believe tha t the historical Jesus was a Jewish apocalypticist? Do you find the evidence for this position persuasive? Why or why not? Jesus is baptized by john, crucified, had 12 followers, exorcist and healer, predicted that god would destroy the temple, Q, M ark, and L portray Jesus in apocalyptic terms 3. What similariti
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