Study Guides (238,413)
United States (119,778)
Religion (42)
REL 2240 (3)

Review for Midterm Exam

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Florida State University
REL 2240
Elecia Kelley

Review Sheet for Midterm Exam Terms to Remember Alexander the Great - military leader of Macedonia; armies conquered much of eastern Mediterranean and responsible for the spread of Greek culture in the lands he conquered Antiochus IV Epiphanes- Syrian monarch who attempted forcing of the Jews of Palestine to adopt Greek culture- LED TO MACCABEAN REVOLT IN 167 BCE Antitheses – Only found in Matthew; “CONTRARY STATEMENTS” - the 6 sayings of Jesus in the sermon on the mount as Jewish law Apology- explanation/justification of one’s beliefs and/ or practices; form Greek word meaning defense Athanasius- bishop in Alexandria in 4 thcentury, first to maintain that only the 27 books in the NT were to be considered canonical scripture (in his 39thFestal Letter) BCE/CE- “Before the Common Era” and “Common Era”; or “Before Christ” and the “Year of our Lord” Beatitudes- “blessings”; technical term for the sayings that Jesus began the Sermon on the Mount with (Blessed are the…); in Matthew Beloved Disciple- nickname for John; plays prominent role in the Passion narrative but is never named; supposedly the son of Zebedee and claimed author of John Christ- the Messiah Codex- “trunk of a tree”, developed by the Romans from wooden writing tablets, its gradual replacement of the scroll, the dominant form of book in the ancient world Covenant- agreement or treaty b/tween two social or political parties that have come to terms; used by ancient Jews in reference to the pact that God made to protect and preserve them as his chosen people in exchange for their devotion and adherence to his laws Dead Sea Scrolls- ancient Jewish writings discovered near the Dead Sea; thought to have been produced by Essenes through the Jewish War (66 -70 CE) Divination- practice used to ascertain the will of the gods Dualism- Jewish apocalyptics- maintained two fundamental components to all reality: the forces of good and the forces of evil Epicureans- ancient group of followers of philosopher Epicurus who maintained that the gods were removed from the concerns of human life and so were not to be feared. Believed happiness came in establishing a peaceful harmony with other likeminded people and enjoying simple pleasures of daily existence Eschatology Four-Source Hypothesis- solution to the “Synoptic Problem”; 4 sources behind the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke: Fulfillment Citation- (only shows up in Matthew)- Where the OT is said to have been fulfilled in something that Jesus did or experienced Gentile- a non-Jew Greco-Roman World- lands around the Mediterranean from Alexander the Great until Emperor Constantine (300 BCE to 300 CE) Hasmoneans- A.K.A Maccabeans, the family of Jewish priests that began the revolt against Syria in 167 BCE and ruled Israel before the Roman conquest in 63 CE Hellenization- spread of Greek language and culture throughout the Mediterranean; begins w/ Alexa nder the Great “I am” sayings- found in john; Jesus identifies himself; “bread of life”, “light of the world”, the way, the truth, and the light” Johannine Prologue- first 18 verses of John’s gospel; “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God…” Josephus- Jewish historian, works- The Jewish War, The Antiquities of the Jews < principal resources for info about life in 1 century Palestine L- source for Luke; traditions not found in Mark or Matthew Literary Seams- inconsistencies in a text created when two different sources are spliced together; many found in John M- source for Matthew; traditions not found in Mark or Luke Maccabean Revolt - Jewish uprising against the forced imposition of Hellenistic culture and proscription of Jewish practices like circumcision Markan Priority - view that Mark was the first of the Synoptic Go spel to have been written and o ne of the sources used by Matthew and Luke Messiah- “anointed one”; wide range of expectations among Jews Monotheism- belief there is only 1 god Mystery religions - group of Greco-Roman religions that focused on the devotees’ individual needs both in this life and in life after death; named b/c their initiation rituals and practices involved the disclosure of hidden things to be kept from outs iders Nag Hammadi- village in Upper Egypt, near the place where a collection of Gnostic writings (inc. Gospel of Thomas) were found Passion- “suffering”, refers to the traditions of Jesus’ last days including his crucifixion Platonists- The philosophy of Plato; 5asserts ideal forms as an absolute and eternal reality of which the phenomena of the world are an imperfect and transitory reflection Polytheism- belief in many gods Prophet- one who speaks words given by means of a revelation fro m God Q (Synoptic Sayings Source) - sources used by both Matthew and Luke for the stories they share, not found in Mark Qumran- where the Dead Sea scrolls were discovered in 1946, home to the Essenes who used the scrolls as part of their library Redaction Criticism- study of how authors modified their sources in view of their own vested interests and concerns Septuagint- translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek Sermon on the Mount- found only in Matthew and preserves many of the best -known sayings of Jesus Signs- term used in John to refer to Jesus’ miracles who “signified” who he really was Signs Source- thought to have been one of the sources of Jesus’ ministry in the John Son of God- designation of a person born to a god, able to perform miraculous deeds Son of Man- refer to a cosmic judge sent from heaven at the end of time Source Criticism- the process of evaluating an information source Stoics- Greco- Roman philosophers who urged people to und erstand the way the world worked and to live in accordance w/ it, letting nothing outside themselves affect their internal state of well being Synagogue- Jewish place of worship; “being brought together” Synoptic Gospels- Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke which narrate so many of the same stories that can be placed together side by side Synoptic Problem-problem of explaining the similarities and differences b/tween the 3 synoptic gospels Textual Criticism- academic discipline that seeks to establish the or iginal wording of a text based on the surviving manuscripts Torah- “guidance” or “direction”, “law”; designates either the Law of God given to Moses or the first 5 books of the Jewish bible that Moses was traditionally thought to have written – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Review Questions 1. What did Jewish -Christian Adoptionists, Marcionite Christians, Gnostic Christians, and Proto - Orthodox Christians believe? 2. Why was the New Testament canon developed ? Why were some early Christian books included in this canon, but not others? What were some of the important milestones in the development of the canon? -367 CE year that list of books considered to be in the new testament cannon; first authoritative list that matches what most Christians agree w/ today 3. What did Platonists, Stoics, and Epicureans believe? 4. How did religion in the Greco -Roman world differ from religion today? How w
More Less

Related notes for REL 2240

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.