HIST 1100 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes -

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12 Oct 2018
Department
Course
HIST 1100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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The Colonial Roots of “American Exceptionalism”
Modern Concept: Its idea goes back to the colonial foundation.
We no longer use the term of “Discovery of America: Now: “European
Contact.”
The Construction of the “New World”
1492: European Contact with the Americas.
Columbus maintains that he successfully reached India.
It was not until about 1500 that Amerigo Vespucci demonstrates…
Conditions in Europe: terminar
January 23
American Revolution
1776 - 1783
Started with the Declaration of Independence
Independence period started a decade before that
Indian War: British win… Britain triples its territory in North America. Time
of worry and turmoil for British empire, Britain went broke.
British taxes being placed, tax the colonies.
Acts pass by the Britain empire: Stamp Act Crisis
More taxes were passed, more protests came.
Despite… War does not start yet… 5 years later, official “fire” starts
Continental army is officially created.
1776: Americans take that step and declare independence.
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Turning point: October 1777: Americans win battles of Saratoga… America
is no longer a colony fighting the British: French and Spanish intervention.
October 1781:
End of major hostility, Britain finally recognized the American
Independence.
(Roughly 20 years of the Timeline of the Revolution)
Different motivations and view points to justify these actions: 2 in particular
Why Americans decided to break away:
What caused American revolution: Americans didn’t want to pay their
taxes. What these taxes represented:
1.: British taxes, cities like Boston and New York, affected the poor.
Taxes so harmful that armies are raised
Republican Ideology:
Power vs. Liberty
You couldn’t have both
The two are incompatible and fundamentally at odds with each other.
Power must be controlled to protect liberty.
Very exposition idea of power… freedom
Power is against liberty, and liberty is against power.
Power seeks to expand itself… all forms of power are corrupt.
Taxes: British government was expending their power… for this ideology,
thats a potential abuse of authority.
“These targets represent dictatorship, potential abuse of power…”
Due to the fact that the Colonies applied many of the taxes previously
explained, this affected the Republican Ideology which was based in
Power vs. Liberty. The fact that the taxes were raised, caused the armies to
raise, and because this happened, the republican ideology was corrupted.
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