[HIST 1220] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (28 pages long!)

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Fordham
HIST 1220
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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New Dynasty
Successor: Valentinian (363-378)
Hardly rule just for a few years
Bulk of efforts spelt securing borders
Death of Valens at Battle of Adrianople
West has to bell the east out
Eastern empire defenseless
Gratian and Valentinian II (379-392)
Characteristics are preoccupied by the defenses along borders
Theodosius arises from all of this
Theodosius I (379-395)
Emperor of the east 379-392
Whole empire 392-395
Military and political events of his reign
Fought back against the Goths in Greece and the Balkans
Result: Compromises in 382 CE
Goths fight in Roman armies
Goths allowed to operate semi-independent state in Thrace
383 onward- two different usurpers Theodosius drawn to the west
Maximus in Gaul (Paris)
Argobast in Gaul (Vienne)
Constantine’s immediate sucessors establish image for themselves by banning pagan
sacrifice
Efforts come to high point under Theodosius
Reading assignment from Friday
Refusal to restore altar of victoru
388 babylon
Synagogue destroyed by Christian zealots under the leadership of a bishop
Assistance to rebuild...nvm
391 CE Empire wide
All pagan temples ordered to be closed
Flame in temple of Vesta extinguished
Funds for vestal virgins, Roman priesthood terminated
Alexandria 391 CE Destruction of Temple of Serapis and its library (Pagan temple)
Replacement library for the Great Library
Alexandria
Founded in 331 BCE
Strategic location on the Nile distinct advantage of being directly on the sea
Largest city in the Mediterranean
Doorway of grain
Attracts wealthy citizens
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Scholars provide impetus for construction of the Great Library of Alexandria
Can not rely on literary accounts
Because shes an outlier there is so much interest
Hypatia- hard to know but so much of what we have about her is a summary
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