HIST 1400 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Simple Verses, Print Culture

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Published on 8 Jan 2019
School
Fordham University
Department
History
Course
HIST 1400
Professor
Race and Nation
“Guantanamera”
Original version attributed to Joseito Fernandez (1929)
Jose Marti’s poem “Versos Sencillos” (1891) used as lyrics
A “regional” song expressing Cuban pride
Poetry and pride
National identity and Nationalism emerge in historically specific contexts
National identities are constructed in racial and gendered terms
Definitions of race are shaped by processes of nation building
Jose Marti, “Our America” (1891) and ‘Racelessness
Context: Leading up to final Cuban War of Independence (1895-98) / Export Boom
Call for Latin American pride in its own heritage
Address both Cuban independence and greater Latin American unity against threat of
Spain and US
Idea of RACELESSNESS as Cuban identity:
“There is no racial hatred, because there are no races”
National ID and Nationalism are historically specific
Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of
Nationalism (1983)
Idea of “Nation” as historical construct
Involved in the late 18th century, yet appear ancient
Nations = imagined political communities
Latin America: Creoles develop ideas of nation” before most of Europe
Problems of his theory
Narrow focus on print culture, i.e. newspapers (only available to elite)
Nationhood still incipient in early 19th century; more of a nativism or creole
identity
Elite Visions of Race & Nation
The Liberal idea of a citizen
Unmarked, raceless, genderless?
Implicity white, male
Conservatives:
Embrace colonial hierarchies, including those of caste, over citizenship
Domingo Sarmiento: FACUNDO, or Civilization & Barbarism (1845)
What, in his view, is Argentina’s struggle of Civilization v. Barbarism?
What path, in his view, should Argentina follow?
How does race shape his ideas?
European v native
Gender: what is the importance of the gaucho
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Document Summary

Original version attributed to joseito fernandez (1929) Jose marti"s poem versos sencillos (1891) used as lyrics. National identity and nationalism emerge in historically specific contexts. National identities are constructed in racial and gendered terms. Definitions of race are shaped by processes of nation building. Context: leading up to final cuban war of independence (1895-98) / export boom. Call for latin american pride in its own heritage. Address both cuban independence and greater latin american unity against threat of. There is no racial hatred, because there are no races . National id and nationalism are historically specific. Benedict anderson, imagined communities: reflections on the origins and spread of. Involved in the late 18th century, yet appear ancient. Latin america: creoles develop ideas of nation before most of europe. Narrow focus on print culture, i. e. newspapers (only available to elite) Nationhood still incipient in early 19th century; more of a nativism or creole identity.