HIST 1400 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: History Of Latin America, Carmen Miranda, EthnocentrismExam
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Is Latin America considered apart of Western Culture?
What constitutes Latin America?
— was a Portuguese-born Brazilian samba singer, dancer, Broadway actress, and film star who was
popular from the 1930s to the 1950s.
Pan-latinism— languages and dialects derived are distinct from the Anglo-Saxon ones
- Latin America was a French idea
- Tremendous amount of diversity (culturally, religiously, socially) in each country
4 Main Historical Patterns of Latin American History
1. Iberian (Spanish and Portuguese) Colonialism
2. Common Economic Structures
a. Export Oriented
3. Idea of “late-developing” nations
a. Social Inequality
b. Shared cultural influences
c. Conflict with the U.S.
4. Transnational context of immigration and migration
a. Strengthen the idea of a Pan-Latin American identity
i. Struggle to find a meaningful identity for people to relate with
The Problems with “Problems” in Latin American Historiography
● Began with a quest for “what went wrong”
○ Many questions on the disarray happening throughout the continent
● Organized Latin American history around negative questions
● Blamed these “problems” on Iberian cultural heritage
○ Have very little opportunity to progress; pessimism
■ But this is very ethnocentric, no professor will acknowledge this now
- Prejudices and hierarchies within Latin culture
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