THEO 001- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 15 pages long!)

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Published on 13 Oct 2017
School
Georgetown University
Department
Theology
Course
THEO-001
Georgetown
THEO 001
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Final Exam Study Guide
Terms and Ideas
Illusion (according to Freud)
A belief that that promises to fulfill your oldest, strongest, deepest desires. To Freud, an illusion is an
error in terms of wish fulfillments.
Truth of faith vs. history, science (Tillich) (92)
There is no conflict between faith in its true nature and reason in its true nature. The truth of faith is
different from the scientific, the historical, and the philosophical truths.
Likewise, epistemologically, the truth of faith is not contradictory to the truth of science, history, or
faith—and vice versa. Since faith is the religious structure of that which grasps a person ultimately, its
truth cannot be completely confirmed or validated by the truth of history or science, nor can it be denied.
Faith functions more as an interpretive discourse in relation to science, history or philosophy; it asks
questions of ultimate meaning and is therefore in no position to pass judgment upon the validity of
historical investigation or scientific experimentation. Faith can tell you the meaning of life. Truth of
science cannot; it can only tell you how things in the world work.
Myth (according to Tillich) (56)
Symbols of faith combined in stories about divine human encounters. They portray the ultimate concern.
Creationism
The belief that the universe came about exactly as the Bible says, that the universe and living organisms
originate from acts of divine creation rather than by natural processes such as evolution.
Theodicies
Explanations for why evil exists
Nonself (Hanh) (21, 132, 133, 136) Also see emptiness, interbeing
Anatta: without soul
“There is in humans no permanent, underlying substance that can be called the soul.”
The notion of self involves an element of self-identification and clinging, and thus suffering and stress.
We are intersections of the universe.
Suffering (Hanh)
There are 3 types of suffering: the suffering of suffering (suffering associated with unpleasant feelings,
headache), the suffering of composite things (whatever comes together eventually has to come apart;
therefore all composite things are suffering. When you realize this, how can you find joy?), the suffering
associated with change (our bodies will age and make us suffer, so there is no point in being joyful
because we will eventually suffer one day)
Evil (Halverson)
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In whatever degree the world is less than perfect, to that degree the world is “evil.” Evil is that which
takes the place of a good that can be conceived to exist, but that cannot come into being unless the evil is
destroyed.
Faith- act of meaning, commitment of whole self to something that matters
Belief- act of knowledge, claim of how something works or how it is
Truth of faith- ultimate meaning of existence
Truth of history- history can tell you the truth of what happened, but cannot tell you the
meaning of life
Truth of science- science tries to explain the truth of structures of the world, but science cannot
tell you the meaning of life
Illusion- fulfillment[s] of the oldest, strongest, and most urgent wishes of mankind
Myth- symbols of faith, use stories to portray situations of ultimate concern
Criteria for truth of faith- purely subjective
1. Is it alive? Must be alive and create communities
2. It expresses the ultimate concern which is really ultimate
3. It explains 2. → implies an element of self-negation, doubt, points to the ultimate, but
also finds a way to tell you that it is not (a symbol is just a symbol)
Demythologization- recognizing a symbol as a symbol and a myth as a myth
Creationism- god created world in 6 days exactly as it is
A Revelation- ultimate becomes manifest in the ultimate concern
Conversion- awakening from a state in which 2 concern is lacking, or hidden
Idolatry- idolatry elevates the finite to the infinite; symbols to the ultimate concern
Atheist- attempt to remove ultimate concern, but there are no atheists, and everyone has a
sense of ultimacy → “my god is reason” - freud
Q source- lost gospel that provided mark and luke with information
Questions:
1. How might God in the Book of Job, Hanh, Freud, and one other author or text that we read
in class respond to this “Calvin and Hobbes” cartoon?
Job, Hanh, and Freud would all have similar answers to this cartoon.
Hanh would say that we are wave sin the ocean, afraid of crashing (death) because we
think that we will cease to exist. However, when we crash onto the beach, we will merely return
to the ocean because we are just one wave composed of water drops in a (watery) ocean. We are
not as significant as we think we are, and also, we do not have a “permanent self.” Continuing the
analogy of waves in an ocean, we belief that we have a self and that self will cease to exist once
we crash on a beach. However, the notion of self, as in the wave metaphor, involves an element
of self-identification and clinging, and thus suffering and stress. We do not have a self, because
we are just drops of water in a vast ocean. Though we may be a speck of dust, we are a part of the
larger universe. We should not despair at the thought of being small or insignificant, because we
continue, even as just dust in the wind. Give up notion that we are “just a speck” and accept we
are an integral part of the universe.Side note: The wave metaphor appears on page 124!
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