INTA 2100 Midterm: Exam 2 Study Guide

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Georgia Institute of Technology
International Affairs
INTA 2100
Salomone, Michael

INTA 2100 Study Guide Exam 2 Definitions: Triple Entente: Russia, France, Brittain Schlieffen Plan: Point was to avoid a two front war. Reinsurance Treaty: Secret agreement between Germany and Russia to stay neutral if Germany decided to attack or if Russia decided to attack. Wilhelm II didn’t renew the treaty. Russia turns to France for an alliance. Bizmark wanted alliance with Austria and russia. After treaty, Kaiser’s ministers looked to Britain for alliance. Structural realism: Gilpin Battle of Verdun: 1916. mostly between french and german forces. Longest and bloodiest battle in history. Moral victory for French. Victory for Germans because it lasted so long. Alsace-Lorraine: France property taken by Prussia during Franco-Prussian War Isolationism: Can colonize and ect., but stays out of conflict with great powers Status quo: Imperialist: Prestige: who was following this policy? Germany, austria hungary, russia. Basically “my gun is bigger than your gun.” This policy usually means that the country using it is insecure in international system. International foreign policy method which is based on prestige Multipolar/Bipolar: Multi has many great powers. Bipolar system has 2 great powers. Triple entente: Britain, Russia, France Pan-Slavism: Nationalism within the the Slavic regions (Balkans & Russia) which Russia wanted to impose on the Balkans so they would have a great influence on them Dual Alliance:1879 Austia, Germany (Bismarck) Triple Alliance: 1882 Germany, Austria, Italy Strictly defensive and secret. “our League of Peace” MediterraneanAgreement: 1887 Britain, Italy, & Germany Goal: maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean, Adriatic, Aegean, and Black Seas Italy promised Britain support in Egypt Britain promised suppport for Italian aims in Libya Three Emperors' League: 1873 Germany-William I Russia-Nicholas II Austria-Hungary-Franz Josef Broken up because Russia got mad at Germany (Bismarck) about the Treaty of San Stefano and said that the Congress of Berlin was a “coalition against Russia under the leadership of Prince Bismarck” Regrouped in 1881 for a period planned for 3 years Balkan League: Serbia, Bulgaria, Germany, Montenegro Concert of Europe (who were the parties, what were the principles, why did it fail): Parties: Great Powers of Europe (Austria, France, Great Britain, Prussia, Russia) A balance of power system If any powers needed to go to war, it should be a limited war If any great powers were in revolution, then another great power could intervene Failed after German Unification Events: Franco-Prussian War: Who fought, who was expected to win, who won, terms of ending the war, results in the international system France vs. Prussia Prussia took over Alsace-Lorraine Unification of Germany: When did it happen, under who's leadership, what were the results for Germany, what was the effect of those results on the international system Russo-Japanese War: Russia vs. Japan, greatly hurt Russia for a while Balkan Wars: Who fought, why were they fighting, Russia/Austria/Turkey/Britain's roles Moroccan Crisis: Who was involved, what was the crisis, what were the effects Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand: Who did it, how did Austria-Hungary react, who was blamed, what was the result Who did it: Serbia How did Austria-Hungary react: Mobolized in Serbia Who was blamed, what was the result?: WWI, Germany was blamed for being hostile in their rebuttle 1916 – between French and German forces; longest and bloodiest battle in history; moral victory for French; German victory because it was so long and they felt it was their hit at times World War I: What was happening in the years leading up to the war? Why were all the major powers feeling threatened? Who were their leaders? What do the various authors attribute as the cause of the war starting? What was the plan of each major power? What were the effects of the war on the nations of Europe and the international system? What were the interests of each major power? What was happening in domestic policies in each of the major powers? Great Britain: Foreign Secretary: Edward Grey Grey’s Policy: wanted Britain to have free hand in Europe. Didn’t want to be committed with France and russia, but wanted to stay close. Gov’t was monarchy with democratic parliament (king strictly a figurehead) Britain’s Policy: minimal deterrance, splendid isolation. Keep Britain uninvolved in continental affairs. Problem with Policy: After Industrial revo., Britain’s relative power began to decline. Britain didn’t consider goingn to war with Germany until they invaded Belgium (who was neutral at the time of invasion). British interests: control of the seas- needed colonies Industrial Revolution began in Britain. Britain gets highest Industrialization first Remains main industrial power until WWI Began to practice liberation (more free trade) Stabilization of Balkans Germany: Had bad constitution Autocratic Monarchy Parliament – Riechstag, only controlled budget (power resided with aristocrats and leaders) Interests when Wilhelm II on throne Colonies Prestige Wanted alliance with Britain but still wanted to antagonize them Wanted recognition as greatest power on continent Wanted bigger Navy than Britain (for prestige) Miltary Plan – Schlieffen Plan Adopted in response to russo french alliance
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