INTA 2100 Midterm: Exam 3 Study Guide

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International Affairs
INTA 2100
Salomone, Michael

Exam 3 Study Guide INTA 2100 Chronology of the Interwar Period 1919 Treaty of Versailles 1923 Ruhr Crisis and Dawes Plan January 1925 Locarno Agreements 1929 Young Plan 30 January 1933 Hitler appointed Chancellor 1936 Germany reoccupies Rhineland, Spanish Civil War 1937 Germany repudiates war guilt clause of Versailles Treaty 1938 Anschluss, Munich Conference, Kristallnacht 1939 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia, Nazi-Soviet Pact 1 September 1939 German invasion of Poland 10 May 1940 German invasion of Holland, Belgium, France 22 June 1940 France signs armistice with Germany Define: Treaty of Versailles (including Clause 231): Effect was bad. Blamed Germany for entire WWI, took away Germany territory, Military, forced Germans to pay reparations Effect on people – Germans didn’t think they lost the war so they didn’t think It was valid Effects of reparations: Put off payment for a long time Treaty starts falling apart b/c Germans are ignoring treaty and great powers Aren’t making them follow treaty Clause 231 – “War guilt clause” Dealt with Germany’s reparations Placed full blame on Germany for WWI Weimar Republic (1919-1933): German government that Hitler replaced First attempt at a liberal democracy in Germany Dawes Plan (1924): Cut back what Germany was supposed to pay as far as reparations 1. The Ruhr area was to be evacuated by Allied occupation troops. 2. Reparation payments would begin at 1 billion marks for the first year and should rise over a period of four years to 2.5 billion marks per year. 3. The German Reichsbank would be reorganized under Allied supervision. 4. Foreign loans (primarily from the United States) would be made available to Germany. 5. The sources for the reparation money should include transportation, excise, and custom taxes. Still seemed too harsh, so it was substituted for Young Agreement in 1929 Locarno Agreement: 1925 France, Germany and Belgium agree to non aggression pact Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, & Italy give assistance to any victim of Violation of treaties -France most likely to violate (Feared communism, anti-Semitism) 5 Provisions 1. Treaty of Neutral Guarantee 2. Germany is free to pursue Eastern interests (Poland, Chez.) 3. France cannot help their Eastern European allies if they fall prey to Germany 4. Germany saved from possibility of 2 front war 5. France had to abandon all means of aggression? 6. Britain agrees to help victim if a German – French conflict arises (Germany) This agreement sets up Hitler for success indirectly 10 Year Rule: British said that since they aren’t going to war so they can disarm Start rearming in 1932 partly b/c Japan attacks Manchuria Rhineland: Most influential portion of demilitarized area in the war. Remilitarization of reinland in 1936, British were relieved when they finally remilitarized because it was the last cause that France could use to drag them into war Ruhr region: Industrial region of Germany, German territory After WWI France wanted to occupy it as a guarantee for their security and To guarantee they would get their reparations payment Would control industry and economy Dawes plan Didn’t end up occupying it Munich Agreement (and Munich analogy): Agreement regarding the Sudetenland crisis False rumor spread that German powers were forming on the Chez. border. Leaders: abandoned Chez. After false rumors GB - Chamberlain France - Daladier Germany - Hitler Italy – Mussolini Gave Sudetenland to Germany Danzig: 1. port city (free city in Polish corridor) 2. independent quasi city somewhat like Italian or Greek city-states 3. governed itself 4. created to appease German needs 5. Polish corridor gave Poland an outlet to the sea Sudetenland: Sudetenland – formerly in Chez. There were 3 million Germans there and a lot of military fortifications. Germans wanted control of their people and control of the fortifications France was an ally of the people there, if Germany took it, it would weaken Frances alliances Anschluss: Annexation of Austria Hitler didn’t have to conquer Austria, they voted to join Germany to avoid war. Went under Nazi rule Identify: Neville Chamberlain: Britain Prime Minister during 10 years peace Churchill: Britain Prime Minister after Chamberlain resigns Stresemann: German chancellor, tried to drive diplomatic wedge between Britain and French. Part of Weimar republic Benes: Chez. Leader who bluffed about German invasion, causing Munich agreement Mussolini: Italian leader Hitler: Nazi leader Hitler’s Rise to Power Fought in WWI – corpral in trenches 1923 – part of revolt against Weimar repub. Put in jail and writes Mein Kamp
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