PSYC 2103 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Motivation, Interpersonal Relationship, Corporal Punishment

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5 Feb 2017
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Chapter 6: Early Childhood: Psychosocial Development
1. Describe emotional development using Erik Erikson’s perspective
There are 8 stages of Psychosocial Development per Erikson:
Trust vs mistrust (hope) infant to 1 ½ year.
Autonomy vs Shame (Will) 1 ½ yr to 3
Initiative vs Guilt (purpose) 3-5 yrs
Industry vs inferiority (competency) 5-12 yrs
Ego Identity vs Role Confusion (fidelity) ages 12-18 yrs
Intimacy vs isolation ( love) ages 18-40 years
Generativity vs stagnation (care) 40-65 yrs
Ego Integrity vs Despair (wisdom) 65+ years
2. What is intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation?
Intrinsic is preforming an action or behavior because your enjoy the activity itself.
Extrinsic is done for the sake of some external outcome.
3. Define imaginary friends and describe why children might have such friends
Or imagery companions. Psychological and social phenomenon where a friendship or other
interpersonal relationship takes place in the imagination rather than external physical
reality. They help children deal with stress in their lives.
4. What are externalizing problems and internalizing problems?
Externalizing are behaviors directed at the external environment such as physical
aggression, disobedience, cheating or stealing. Internalizing is when the problem is kept
themselves. With leads to things like withdrawal, depression, anxiety, and somatic
complaints.
5. Describe the importance of play and the five types of play
It is important for children to play to hone motor skills, communication skills, and to learn
to be more creative. The five types of play are:
Parallel where they play next to but not with each other.
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