BIO 120- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 68 pages long!)

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30 Nov 2017
School
Department
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GVSU
BIO 120
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Mitochondria have 2 membranes: true- and nucleus and chloroplasts
Chloroplast’s are the site of lipid synthesis: false
RNA is synthesized in the nucleus: true
Central vacuoles are not found in animal cells: true
Lysosomes maintain and acidic PH (pH=5): true
The cis face of a Golgi apparatus receives vesicles filled with glycoproteins: true
Cell walls are found the plant and the fungi kingdoms: true
ribosomes are attached to this membranous organelle: endoplasmic reticulum
fatty acids, phospholipids and other lipids are made at this organelle: the smooth ER
the nucleus contains the most of the genetic material of the cell: true
chloroplasts and mitochondria both contain their own DNA: true
the RER functions to modify, fold, and dispatch polypeptide chains: true
the endomembrane system is a system of internal membranes that divide the cell into
functional and structural compartments: true
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8/29/2016 Chapter 1
I. Themes in biology
a. Biology is organized in a hierarchy
-vertical organization
-can be studied at different levels
b. structure and function are correlated across biological levels
c. cells are the basic units of structure and function (chapter 6)
d. DNA is the heritable information for all living things
e. life involves the transfer and transformation of energy and the matter
g. interactions are important in biological systems
h. evolution explains the diversity and unity in biology
-incredible diversity of life
-Liaeus’s taoo: use character to
II. Three Domains of Life: our current taxonomic scheme
a. Bacteria
b. Eukarya (plants, algae, animals)
c. Archaea
III. Unity in the diversity
IV. How does evolution explain both the unity and the diversity we see in biology?
- Darwi’s Descet with odificatio
- unity because we share common ancestors, diversity because modification over
time
V. How do we study living things? Scientific Inquiry
A. Making Observations:
-collecting and analyzing observations can lead to important conclusions (INDUCTIVE)
B. Forming and Testing Hypothesis:
-propose a hypothesis that attempts to explain an observation and can be used to make
a specific set of predictions (DEDUCTIVE REASONING)
-design and run your experiment to determine whether your predictions are true
-draw conclusions about your hypothesis
- I ust reject  hpothesis
- The data supports  hpothesis
-results generate new ideas to test
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