CJ 101- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 42 pages long!)

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30 Nov 2017
School
Course
Professor
GVSU
CJ 101
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Chapter 1
Determining wrong and/or criminal behavior
Informal sanctions
-soial ors that are efored through the soial fores of the faily, shool, go’t, ad
religion
-general agreement among the majority
-crimes violate this value system and are deemed harmful to society
-changes in public morality impacts law or enforcement
formal sanctions:
Discretion: smell weed, pull over, find weed (little bit), destroy it right there
finding underage drunk person and deciding to let them go after they dispose of alc
giig soeoe a reak ith speedig 5… 
individual rights (due process) vs. public order (crime control)
criminal justice system: enforcement by the police the courts and the correctional institutions
of obedience to laws
law enforcement:
loal & outy: uts ad olts of the ouity
probation- one is subject to good behavior under supervision
community based corrections-
incarceration- in jail
picket fence: criminal justice system
checks and balances: to make sure due process and public order is processed
- Differet leels of this… accused person is transferred from one stage of criminal justice
system to another
Five stages of criminal justice process
1. Entry into systemthis stage includes the detection of crime, which can involve both the
police and public
2. Arrestto restrict the freedom of a person taking them
3. booking- police take your books and sit in jail cell
4. prosecution and pretrial services- formal charges are filed against the defendant
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5. first appearance- accused is advised of his or her legal rights, the magistrate must
determine whether the accused has legal representation and bail may be set
6. indictment- formal written accusation submitted to the court by a grand jury, alleging
that a specific person has committed specified offense, usually a felony
7. preliminary hearing- hearing before a judge in which the prosecution presents evidence
to convince the judge that there is probable cause to bring the defendant to trail
8. arraignment- hearing before the court having jurisdiction in a criminal case
9. adjudication-guilty of the defendant gets rebooked (into jail)
sentencing and sanctions
-judge sets a punishment
-presentence investigation report
-defendant and the prosecutor have the right to appeal the sentence
corrections
-defendant is now the convicted
4 Major Events- The Changing CJ system
Civil rights movement
Vietnam war
War on crime
Homeland security
Due process amendment- 14th
Two academic disciplines conduct research in criminal justice field
-criminology
-sociology
criminal law-refers to the study of law leading to the credentials to practice law as a licensed
attorney (attorney, lawyer)
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