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AMST 310 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Emperor Meiji, Japanese In Hawaii, Edo Period


Department
American Studies
Course Code
AMST 310
Professor
Dennis Ogawa
Study Guide
Midterm

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American Studies 310
Exam 1 Study Guide
SPRING 2018
Important Dates:
1868: the first year of emperor meiji; A political power shift from the Tokugawa Era
(isolationist) to the Meiji clan by the Meiji Emperor. New Meiji government was more
inclined to speed up the Westernization of Japan's economic and military system, and
consequently the attitudes in Japan became less hostile to foreign emigration.
Gannen mono” or “First year men” 150 men sent to go learn about new technology.
1885: February 8, 1885; the City of Tokyo arrived in Hawai'i carrying the first Japanese
immigrants. More than 940 Japanese labor immigrants arrived;
1909: 1909 Oahu Sugar strike: Yosaburo Yoshida wrote his article, "Sources and
Causes of Japanese Emigration" with a contemporary insight on the reasons behind
Japanese immigration to Hawaii and America.
Suggesting 3 major factors:
1) an increasing homeland population made living conditions in some rural areas
undesirable,
2) a rising cost of living beyond the range of wages as a result of fluctuating
economic conditions caused money to be scarce
3) the inducement to migrate as propagandized through the "Horatio Alger"
stories of a "get-rich-quick" life in Hawaii and America made emigration alluring.
1919: March 16, 1919; located in Kapiolani park. Symbolized the Japanese-Hawaiian
relations and friendship. "Testimonial friendship and equality of the Japanese residing in
the Hawaiian Islands" Inspired by the crowning of Emperor Yoshihi
Conducted by Consul General Rokuro Moroi of Japan. Destroyed during WWII
Relationship remains strong to the present day and continue to show mutual respect
and equality amongst each other
1920: 1920 Sugar strike by the Hawaii Laborers' Association: Territory of Hawaii had
decided to wage war against the Japanese language schools to be abolished; The Irwin
bill; essentially required that language-school teachers receive a permit from the
Department of Public Instruction and pledge to teach nothing which would contradict
American ideals or institutions

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Important Terms, Values, Events, and People:
Values:
Ethos- positive spirit and energy; happiness.
Pathos- conversing with an audience, knowing your audience. “Listen to the smell
Logos-“you don’t have to say a lot, just say it with clarity” KISS
Shikata ga nai- “it cannot be helped”
Bushido Code- samurai code; had three main values: Self-sacrifice, hard work and getting
an education.
On- "Obligation to the community"
Giri- “reciprocal obligations”
Enryo- "Deference behaviors; helping to establish the perimeters of the individual's
freedom". Basically it's that whole thing about saying no to something 3 times before
saying yes.
Haji- “shame”
Filial Piety- A Chinese Confucian concept transplanted into the Japanese
conceptualization of ie and ancestor worship; it can be defined as the oath of empathy
which links a person to the hierarchical order of the world.
Tanomoshi (practice)- A mutual financing group usually from 10 to 20 friends entered into
membership as a means to raise money either to help one of the members or to make
an investment of long-term reward.
Based on implicit trust of the rural community, serving also as a social gathering for
members. Also, as a reaffirmation of community obligation and as an economic means
of self-help within the ethnic group.
Terms:
Eiju dochyaku: “remain permanently on the soil.” a term used for picture brides
because the wives would come to America and work with the Husband to live off the
land. This was by obligation because once the picture brides came to America they
could not go back because they didn't have any money to return home. So they worked
with their husbands to either send money back to their families in Japan or to use the
money they made to create a life in the United States of America.
Kuroshio current- “Black salt current”; brought Japanese people to the west coast.
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