LEGL 020- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 42 pages long!)

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Hofstra U
LEGL 020
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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LEGL 20 – Lecture 1
Rambled a lot
What the environment is like
Says it is hard to get an A, we will see
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LEGL 20 – Lecture 2
What is Law and its origin?
Definition from students: Rules of behavior in society in order to keep order. If you don't
then you have bad consequences
William Blackstone 19th century legal jurist, top 10/5 great legal mind that decide legal
wisdom and knowledge of jurisprudence
Wrote commentaries on the law of England addressed the same thing.
Wanted to identify the concept and explain it, aka encyclopedia in the law of England
Blackstone defined law: law is a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a
state commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong
Law is defined the same way throughout the environment and time. Law is constant and
diverse people have the same knowledge due to
Culture even though there is diversity people grow up in the same society. Things can
evolve, but the substantial definition is the same
Consensus – if there is no consensus then life would be chaotic even in dictatorships, we
need law to keep order and if people can’t even agree to this then wtf do we do
American law fundamentally came from England. Before romans and Greek
Plurality of the Law
The plurality of rules contradicts the complete freedom
People want complete freedom but how do we have that in a society where everyone is the
equal, ex: we want to be treated equal by the law, but company a wants to be better than
company b and we, as a society, encourage that
Back then people wouldn't think twice about turning someone in when they are committing a
crime (they would get protection from the government). In today’s society we think twice
fearing that snitching will bring more harm than good
Right and wrong were highly defined, there was no such thing as a middle term, ex: porn was
ILLEGAL rather than immoral. THERE WAS LEGAL AND ILLEGAL AND NO INBETWEEN
After the 50s, there was a liberalization in the society that reflected into law
Things change and watching it change is an experience
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