ANAT 205 Final: Anatomy & Physiology lecture-13

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17 Jul 2019

Document Summary

Examples of lipids: fats, phospholipids, eicosanoids, steroids. Fats: greasy, soft-solid lipid found in animal tissues and many plants. Glycerol: 3-carbon molecule w/ hydroxyl on each carbon. Fatty acids: chain of carbon atoms with a carboxyl group at end. Triglycerides: most common type of fat; three fatty acids and a glycerol molecule) A fatty acid is saturated if it contains only single covalent bonds between carbon atoms. Ex. beef, pork, whole milk, cheese, butter, eggs, coconut oil, palm oil. A carbon chain is unsaturated if it has one or more double covalent bonds. Best type of fats in the diet, because they do not contribute to development of cardiovascular disease. Trans fat: unsaturated fats that have been chemically altered by adding h atoms. Makes fats more saturated (more solid and more stable)