Psych 215 exam study guide #3

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Politics and Government
POL 215

PSY215 ReviewSection 3Behavioral Learning TheoriesClassical Conditioning based on the pairing of these involuntary behaviors with events that do not evoke an automatic responseDescribe the followingunconditioned stimulus The behavior that evokes an automatic responseex moving hand quick towards someones faceunconditioned response The behavior that automatically occurs due to an unconditioned stimulusex flinching when your hand approaches eyes neutral stimulus All events that do not evoke an automatic responseex shapes behaviors sounds and smellsconditioned stimulus A learned stimulus that comes from a previously neutral stimulus after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus and its unconditioned responseex bell being heard by dog to show foodconditioned response A learned response evoked by a learned stimulusex saliva produced by the dog eager to eatGive an example of classical conditioning in which you clearly specify each of the above componentsDescribe the following give examplesGeneralization Conditioned learning that can be expanded beyond a specific stimulus to other similar stimuliDiscrimination Species can learn to differentiate between similar yet different stimuliExtinction If the conditioned stimulus is presented repeatedly without the unconditioned stimulus the previously learned behavior will disappearEx Dog example if bell was presented repeatedly without food eventually the dog would not respond to the bell by producing salivaOperant Conditioning pairing of events but does not depend on involuntary behaviors such as psychological responses or emotional states Rather it includes new voluntary behaviors such as raising your hand in classLaw of effect behaviors associated with good consequences are more likely to occur again in the future whereas behaviors associated with bad consequences are less likely to occur againSkinners ABCs of LearningA Antecedents cuesnonverbal events that signal that a behavior is expected or promptsverbal reminders that accompany the cue B Behavior C Consequence Must occur close together
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