Psych 215 study guide final

10 Pages
118 Views

Department
Politics and Government
Course Code
POL 215
Professor
Chupp

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Description
03072013CognitiveDevelopmentDescribeeachofPiagets4stagesofdevelopmentWhatarethecharacteristicfeaturesabilitieslimitationsofeachstageSensorimotorbirth2yearsacquiringacapacityforinternalizedthinkingisthegoalofstageconstructingknowledgefromsensoryperceptionsandmotoractionsdevelopobjpermanenceawarenessthatobjectsandpeopleexistevenifcannotseethemPreoperational27yearssemioticfunctionsabilitytorepresentanobjectoractionwithsignsandsymbolssuchaslanguagedrawlinggamesExhibitcentrationinabilitytofocuson2dimensionssimultaneouslyDoesnthaveconservationrealizationthatquantityoramntremainsthesamedespitechangesinappearanceIdentityconstancyoccursendofstagechildrenrealizethatanobjectremainsqualitativelythesameevenifitsappearancemayhavechangedinsomewayConcreteoperational711yearschildrenformmentalrepresentationsthataccuratelyreflectstpossibleactionsandeventsinthephysicalworldEngagesintwowaythinkingfor1timeReasoningskillsacquiredFormaloperational11yearsadultachievedcharacteristicwayofthinkingthatallowsthemtosolvemanyphysicallogicalandmathematicalproblemsTheyexhibitabstractreasoningthatisreflectiveandanalyticalCansolveaproblemwithoutneedofconcreterepresentationandcanconsiderimplicationsandincompatibilitiesthinkhypotheticallysearchforalternativesandrejectinappropriatesolutionswithoutphysicallytestingthemDescribeobjectpermanenceAwarenessthatobjectsandpeopleexisteveniftheycannotseethemsensorimotorstageWhatisthedifferencebetweenassimilationandaccommodationGiveexamplesofeachAssimilationintegratingnewinformationoranewexperienceintoanexistingstructureRecognitionofsomethingbutmissnamesitormissrecognizesitExMistakesletterpforletterRwhilelearningalphabetAccommodationinvolvesanymodificationofanexistingschemeorformationofanewcognitivestructurewhenitsnotpossibletofitinformationintoanexistingstructureExAftermanyrepeatedexperiencespreschoolerdevelopscorrectconceptfortheletterRWhatisdisequilibriumandwhyisitimportant
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