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SOC 106 Study Guide - Code Of Hammurabi, Philosophical Perspectives, Distributive Justice

Course Code
SOC 106

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CJS 102: Study Guide for
Pursuing Justice
Spring 2009 -- Dr. Weisheit
You should do well on the test (and on weekly quizzes) if you can answer the
following questions. Remember, this is a guide and is not intended to be an
advance copy of the questions on the quiz or the test.
Chapter 1, "Religious and Philosophical Perspectives"
What was justice like under the Hammurabi Code?
What was justice like under the early stages of the Old Testament?
What is lex talioinis?
What is the goal of the Quran?
What are some of the main differences between Sunni and Shite Muslims?
What do Buddhists believe about human suffering?
For Buddhists, what is involved in leading a just life?
For Reinhold Neibur, what principles must be addressed to achieve justice?
What do followers of liberation theology believe and in what part of the world is
liberation theology most prevalent?
In early philosophy, such as Homers Illiad, how was justice defined?
What is distributive justice?
What is rectificatory justice?
In simple terms what is the idea behind Mill’s idea of utilitarianism?
What is the basic principle underlying John Rawls’s notion of justice?
Chapter 2, "Justice and the State "
What was the divine right of kings?
In his book The Prince Machiavelli outlines his views of justice and the state.
What are his views on rulers and the people who are ruled?
What was the Hobbes’s view of the social contract, as outlined in his book
According to John Locke, what is the function or purpose of government?
What is natural law? Positivism? Sociological Jurisprudence?

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What is the difference between libertarians and egalitarians?
How is modern war different from wars of the distant past?
What does the just war doctrine say about preventative war, prisoners of war,
and the treatment of the defeated after the war has ended?
What is the difference between the crime control and due process models of
criminal justice?
What are the utilitarian and retributivism justifications for punishment?
Chapter 3, "Social Justice"
What is the focus of social justice?
What is the difference between positive rights and negative rights?
What were Adam Smith’s views on economic justice?
What do Social Darwinists believe about economic inequality?
What are some of the issues related to gender and justice?
Historically, how have many societies viewed rape?
What are some of the issues associated with racial justice?
What happened in the 1890s that was relevant to environmental justice?
What is the difference between conservationists and preservationists?
What was the significance of Rachel Carson’s books about the environment?
What four themes emerge when considering social justice?
Chapter 4, "Common Law Systems"
What is the origin of common law?
In early England what was the difference between “the peoples’ peace” and “the
king’s peace?”
What event in 1170 marked the decline of the influence of religious courts?
Who were the “Keepers of the Peace” in early England?
What was the equity system?
What is a writ of mandamus, an injunction, and a writ of habeas corpus?
What is the role of judges regarding statutes in England?
What does the Bill of Rights have to do with common law?
What is the difference between “factual guilt” and “legal guilt?” Which is
emphasized in common law systems?
What did American law training emphasize?
What was the difference between elite law schools and “sundown schools” (also
known as proprietary law schools)?
What is stare decisis?
Which level of English court acts as the Supreme Court of the land?
Which level of English court handles nearly all of the criminal cases in England?
What are the duties of the Lord chancellor in England?
In England, what is the difference between solicitors and barristers?
Chapter 5, "Civil Law Systems"
What parts of the world operate under a civil law system?
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