SPH-R 210 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Disability, Ford Focus, Muscle Tone

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12 Oct 2018
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SPH-R 210
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Inclusion
Introduction, Early History, and Middle Ages
Diversity
o Acceptance and respect
o Each individual is unique we all have our own individual differences
o These can be along dimension of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual
orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious
beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies
o Exploration of these difference in a safe positive, and nurturing
environment
Disability
o People with disabilities are the nation's largest minority, and the only
one that any person can join at any time
o If you do not currently have a disability, you have about a 20% chance
of becoming disabled at some point during your work life
o People with disabilities cross all racial, gender, educational,
socioeconomic, and organizational lines.
o ADA defines disability as a physical or mental impairment that
substantially limits one or more major life activities
Disability and Cultural Diversity
o Employment circumstances facing minorities with disabilities are
bleak
o It will take the efforts of many organizations and employers to reverse
the negative employment picture for minorities with disabilities
Factors that lead to High Unemployment
o People with disabilities from culturally diverse backgrounds
experience twice the discrimination experienced by non-disabled
people in the minority community. Both disability and race complicate
the situation
o There is disparity in rehabilitation services provided to minority
persons with disabilities
o Educational opportunities are less available and affordable to
individuals with disabilities from culturally diverse backgrounds
o Inadequate transportation and housing in disadvantaged
communities intensify the employment barriers for minority people
with disabilities
o There is a lack of mentors and role models for minority individuals
with disabilities in the workplace.
o Mainstream job coaching, on the job training and internships are
often not readily available to minority individuals with disabilities.
o Both mainstream and minority communities and religious
organizations tend to overlook their capability to support the
employment of minority individuals with disabilities.
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o Cultural differences are not clearly understood by individuals or
organizations designing programs to support the employment of
minority persons with disabilities.
Early History
o Disability was a curse from the gods
Ancient Mesopotamia
Ancient Greece
Biblical Instances
o Disability was based upon social factors, not a diagnosis. It dealt with
how different one was from society.
Mad
Crazy
Defective
Deformed
o Roman Law Protected people from defectives, because they were
dangerous and unpredictable.
o While most people viewed disability as a curse from the gods, one
man, Melampus, a Greek physician felt disabilities resulted from
natural causes.
o Roman and Greek societies felt that to ease the mind it was important
to have:
Music
Drama
Sporting events
Readings
o They built venues to host these events.
Middle Ages
o People with disabilities were outcasts
Prison
Abandoned in the wild
Killed
o They also served as court jesters and entertainment.
Ship of Fools
Philip IV, 17th century Spanish Monarch Collected people
with disabilities.
o In the 13th Century, hospital started to house people with disabilities.
o 17th & 18th Century Lunatic asylums
In Bethlehem (Bedlam) idiots and lunatics were exhibited for a
price of about a penny every Sunday. The annual revenue for
these shows indicated an audience of approximately 96,000
people a year. The visitors curiosity was evoked, in part, by
certain attendants who were particularly adept at getting the
inmates to “perform dances and acrobatics with a few flicks of
the whip Evans, 13, p.3
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