[BIOL-N 100] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (14 pages long!)

60 views14 pages

For unlimited access to Study Guides, a Grade+ subscription is required.

IUPUI
BIOL-N 100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 14 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 14 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
1.2 Intro to Disease
a. Pathology- study of disease
b. Disease- some type of interference with homeostasis
c. Homeostasis- ody tryig to aitai a ostat iteral eiroet
d. Predisposing factors of disease
1. risk factors or activities that people can participate in that affect their health
2. ones that cannot be controlled:
-age
a. Children may also suffer from:
-congenital disorders: present at birth
-genetic disorders: caused by inherited genes, which are passed
to children by their parents
-developmental disorders: occur while the child is developing in
the womb, at birth, or after birth; may interrupt normal development
b. The Elderly
-as the body ages, there is a general reduction in function
-inability of certain organs such as the brain and heart to
regenerate
-overall, women live longer than men
-gender
a. refers to the sex of an individual-male or female
b. some disease affect only males or females due to the differences in
anatomy
-heredity
a. there is a combination of the genetic codes from both parents
b. there are genetic links to certain disease and pathological conditions-
predisposition
1. many times predisposition combined with the presence of
certain lifestyle risk factors make a person more prone to a particular disease or condition
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 14 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
1.3 Intro to Pathogens (cont.)
d. Predisposing Factors to Disease (cont.)
3. ones that can be controlled:
-lifestyle
a. bad lifestyle choice can contribute to disease
b. lifestyle risk factors can be controlled and altered by the individual
-environment
a. environmental stressors that can contribute to poor health:
1. polluted air/water
2. chronic stress
3. loud noise
4. poor and unsanitary living conditions
5. contaminated food
e. Signs and Symptoms of disease
1. Signs
-objective signals: can be measured
Ex. Fever, blood pressure cuff
2. Symptoms
-subjective signals relative to the patient: cannot be measured
Ex. Headache or nausea
3. Pain
-serves as a defense mechanism to warn the person that there is a problem
-prevents further injury
-Pain Scale: enables patients to rank their degree of pain and discomfort
f. Disease
1. Acute- develops rabidly, often sever
2. Chronic- persists for an extended period of time, usually less severe than acute
3. Latent- appears, disappears and reappears over time
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 14 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class