ANTH 195- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 41 pages long!)

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29 Mar 2018
School
Department
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JMU
ANTH 195
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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What is Anthropology? What is Culture?
Margaret Mead- most well-known (American) Cultural Anthropologist
Anthropology
Broad
Global
Time depth
Holistic Perspective
Assumption that any aspect of a culture is integrated with other aspects, so that no
dimension of culture can be understood in isolation
Example: Marriage
o Family life
o Economic forces
o Political leadership
o Relationship between sexes
Comparative
To make the strange familiar
The familiar strange
Commitment to non-elites (community)
Relativistic
Multiple ways of understanding and living in the world that are at once plausible and
arbitrary
No one culture/norms are inferior/ superior
Field-based discipline
Research (lived)
Create own data sets
Culture concept
Culture: sets of learned behavior and ideas that human being acquired as members of
society
Archeology
Study of people of the past through examining material remains
Before writeen language
Historical
More recent past
Biological
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Human variation
Past and present
Adaptation and change
Lingusitic
Form of symbolic communication
Carrier of information
Language central to culture
Closet to cultural
Cultural
How they vary
How that are similar
Tylor (1870s)
Complex whole
Any capabilities and habits acquired by man
Before only English white men
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