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[MUS 206] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 14 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Music
Course Code
MUS 206
Professor
Pedro Aponte
Study Guide
Midterm

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JMU
MUS 206
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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January 12, 2017
Music & Culture: Concepts and Roles (I)
Elements of Music
What akes people usial is’t the aility to sig et. ut listeig to usi
Music:
B. Wade, Thikig aout Musi
What is music?
o Human organized sound
o Music is a universal language, but its meaning is not
What is sound?
o Energy that can be measured in decibels
Are all sounds musical?
What is the meaning of music?
Basic Concepts:
Music: J. Blakig: Musi is soud that is humanly pattered or orgaized
Culture: A people’s ay of life, learned and transmitted through centuries adapting to
the natural ad hua orld
Culture/ Nature
The Music Culture: A group’s total ioleet ith usi: ideas, atios,
institutions, material objects everything that has to do ith usi
Ethnomusicology
Self, other, ethnocentric
Roles of Music:
Pleasure (entertainment)
Therapeutic
Communication
Functional
o orship, ourig, editatio, et…
Work
Music releases chemicals in your brain (dopamine)
Elements of Music:
What do all music have in common?
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Dimensions:
Sound: tone, note ------ Pitch
Rhythm
Tempo
Timbre
Loudness
Spatial location & Reverberation
Organized Dimensions:
Meter
Key
Melody
Harmony
Patterns in Music:
Rhythm & Meter (time)
Rhythm
o Beat
o Patterns
Example: s s s s s s l__ s s s s s s l__
Tempo
Meter
o Rhythmic patterns
“trit: etrial rhyth
Relaxed, flexible
Polyrhythm: “iultaeous ourree of seeral rhyths
Polymeter: “iultaeous presee of to differet etrial systes
Sound:
Melody: succession of tones in a particular rhythm/ main tune
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