Study Guides (400,000)
CA (160,000)
KSU (600)
HIST (30)
Study Guide

[HIST 1111] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 28 pages long Study Guide!


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1111
Professor
Hutchinson, Matthew John
Study Guide
Final

Page:
of 28
KSU
HIST 1111
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
9/28
AXIAL AGE: Major Religions/ Traditions
***Know For Every Religion/ Tradition: Name, where it was founded, when it was founded,
who founded it, Core belief, and sacred text(s). ****
Karl Jaspers: German with strong influence on modern theology (and lots else), Religions begin
simultaneously and independently, shared values (Golden Rule, etc.). Pragmatic personalities,
In Common: durable, no record of communication between groups, all moving away from
polytheism, quest for source of order/ meaning,
Timeline: Hinduism; Zoroastrianism; Judaism; Jainism; Rational Humanism (Greece); Buddhism;
Legalism; Confucianism; Daoism.
Why did it happen? Harsher war (higher death tolls); people getting more interconnected/
Urbanism; commerce/ trade helps spread ideas.
Eastern Traditions:
Hinduism:
Where it was founded: India
When it was founded: 1500 BCE-
Who founded it: N/A; no specific founder
Core belief: Brahman (the reality that we, as humans, are seeking to re-unite
with); moksha (liberation, takes many lifetimes), Samsara (cycle of rebirth);
Kaa depeds o doig ight atios i attept to leel up; the Caste
sste ad thei aig esposiilities ad stadads fo doig ight.
Sacred text(s): The Vedas (poems, hymns, prayers, rituals, gives power to
Brahmins, existed orally for a long time, but not written until 600 BCE), and The
Upanishads (mystical, philosophical, 800-400 BCE, NOT written by Brahmins).
Buddhism: made in retaliation to Hinduism
Where it was founded: India
When it was founded:
Who founded it: Siddhartha Gautama (566-486 BCE) was Buddha (The
Enlightened One), born into the top of the caste system, went on spiritual
journey at 35.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com