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PSYC 40111 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Dsm-5, Major Depressive Disorder, Anxiety


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 40111
Professor
Shannon Ciesla
Study Guide
Final

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PSYC 40111

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Abnormal Psychology- the field devoted to the scientific study of abnormal behavior to
describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning
Psychopathology-aother ter for aoral psholog
Abnormality is?
Interference with daily life
Differees fro the aselie of soeoe’s lifestle
Social changes
Cognitive/biological changes
It’s hard to agree o a defiitio that applies to all disorders
The Four D’s
Deviance
Behaviors, thoughts and emotional patterns that are unexpected for a person in a
particular circumstance
Rare behaviors
Differees fro soiet’s idea of oral
If it’s reall rare, it’s aoral
Some problematic/harmful behaviors are not rare
Distress
A person becomes distressed because of their symptoms
Not all symptoms of mental illness will cause distress. Ex: personality disorders can
cause people to be euphoric
A lack of suffering can indicate an abnormality
Dysfunction
A perso a’t futio orall eause of their disorder
“oe etal health disorders a e ieed as futioal. e: PT“D after a ad ar
accident, avoiding cars may make sense
Dangerous
A person poses as a threat/harm to themselves and others
Could be mental (careless), or physical (violence)
Treatment- a procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more adaptive behavior
Therap ad ediatio are ot the ol thigs that a iproe oe’s etal health
The three components of treatment are: a sufferer (patient/client), a healer (mental
health professional), and a series of contacts (ongoing appointments after initial visit
with mental health professional)
Success of treatment means dissipation or control of symptoms
Abnormality in the past
In the past, abnormality was seen as someone being possessed or as supernatural
Trephination-a hole cut in the skull to let out evil spirits to be released
Exorcism was seen and used as a treatment in the past as well, they were very violent
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Greek and Roman views and treatments
500BC-500AD
Hippocrates believed that humors caused mental health disorders
Black bile was seen as something that caused depression. The best way to cure
depression was to eat veggies, stop drinking alcohol, refraining from sex, and living a
healthy lifestyle
Europe in the Middle Ages
500AD-1350AD
The church rejected scientific research and believed that mental health disorders had
something to do with evil
Demonology began to lose favor towards the end of the middle ages
The Renaissance and the rise of asylums
1400AD-1700AD
Johann Weyer believed that our mind could get sick in the same way our bodies could
Asylums- the first hospitals dedicated to helping people with mental health disorders
Asylums became virtual prisons- the conditions were awful and the treatment of
patients was inhumane
Some asylums gave tours to the public while there were still patients in them
The 19th Century: Reform and moral treatment
Pinel from France and Tuke from England advocated moral treatment
Tuke opened a house in England where people would come to live to be treated while
living a normal life rather than in an asylum
It did’t take a lot i the past for soeoe to e put i a aslu
The oeet for oral treatet did’t last log eause there as a lak of
resources for treatment
Overcrowding was also a problem
There was an assumption that patients could be cured by being treated with dignity,
which caused people to be deinstitutionalized
There was a prejudice that led to a reversal of moral treatment
Early 20th century: Dual perspectives
Somatogenic perspective- abnormal functioning has physical causes
Psychogenic perspective- abnormal functioning has psychological causes
Somatogenic perspective lead to weird/awful experimental treatments
1907-1945: 45k Americans were sterilized because the did’t at the to reprodue
because they were mentally ill
Current trends
Stigma is decreasing around mental health disorders but it still exists
43% of people think that people with mental health disorders are responsible for it
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