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Midterm

Research Methods Midterm Study Guide

57 Pages
142 Views
Winter 2012

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 201
Professor
All
Study Guide
Midterm

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Research Methods Midterm
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Chapter 1: Scientific Understanding of Behavior
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1) Alternative Explanations
2) Applied Research
3) Authority
4) Basic Research
5) Covariation of cause and effect
6) Empiricism
7) Goals of Science 1
8) Intuition
9) Peer Review
10) Program evaluation
11) Pseudoscience
12) Scientific Skepticism
13) Temporal Precedence
14) Fundamental Attribution Error
15) Illusionary Correlation
16) falsification
17) parsimony
18) Goals of Science 2
19) Goals of Science 3
20) Goals of Science 4
a. Use of objective observations to
answer a question about the
nature of behavior
b. this must be done by other
scientists who have the expertise
to carefully evaluate the
research and recommend
whether the research should be
published
c. Part of a causal inference;
observing that a change in one
variable is accompanied by a
change in a second variable
d. We assume two things go
together, are related, because
they are both rare
e. the theory should be constructed
to be disprovable - a problem
with pseudoscience
f. the simplest explanation is the
best explanation
g. evaluates the social reforms and
innovations that occur in
government, education, the
criminal justice system, industry,
health care, and mental health
institutions
h. Claims that are made on the
basis of evidence that is
designed to appear scientific;
such as evidence is not based on
the principles of the scientific
method, however.
i. is conducted to address issues in
which there are practical
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problems and potential solution
j. To describe behavior
k. to understand or explain
behavior
l. the tendency to over estimate
the internal and underestimate
the external factors when
explaining the behaviors of
others
m. to determine the causes of
behavior
n. to accept unquestionably your
own judgment
o. Accept unquestionably what you
are told by an authority figure
p. Part of a causal interference; the
cause precedes that effect in a
time sequence
q. tries to answer fundamental
questions about the nature of
behavior
r. Part of a causal inference; a
potential alternative cause of an
observed relationship between
variables
s. means that ideas must be
evaluated on the basis of careful
logic and results from scientific
investigations
t. to predict behavior
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T/F
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21) Illusory correlation is a cognitive bias that occurs when we focus on two events that stand
out and occur together.
a) True
b) False
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22) A background in research methods will help people ___________.
a) read research reports critically
b) evaluate the methods used in research studies
c) decide whether research conclusions are reasonable
d) all of these
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1.1 Test Yourself: Examples of Research questions
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23) What are the predictors of teenage sexual behavior
a) basic
b) applied
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24) Do video games such as Grand Theft Auto increase aggression among children and young
adults?
a) basic
b) applied
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25) How do neurons generate neurotransmitters?
a) applied
b) basic
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26) Does memory process visual images and sound simultaneously?
a) basic
b) applied
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27) How can a city increase recycling by residents?
a) basic
b) applied
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28) Which strategies are best for coping with natural disasters?
a) basic
b) applied
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Word Bank:
data driven empirical objective
Scientific Method
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29) The __________________________________ uses intuition or authority to ind questions.
it is __________________, ______________________, and asks __________________
questions.
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Chapter 1 Review Questions
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Up 30) Why is it important for anyone in our society to have knowledge of research methods?

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Description
61909 810 AMEasyTestMakerFree EditionThe easy way to make your tests Upgrade NowHomeEditor ProfileGetting StartedHow TosMy AccountContact UsLogout Research Methods Midterm Change Font Size and NamePreviewPrint TestAnswer SheetGenerate Alternate Versions Add a Test HeaderAdd New Question Click the question format you want to addInsert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testTip To insert questions in the middle of your test click the New links between each question Test Preview EditChapter 1 Scientific Understanding of BehaviorUpDownDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit1Alternative Explanationsa Use of objective observations toUpanswer a question about the2Applied ResearchDownnature of behavior3AuthorityDeleteb this must be done by other4Basic Researchscientists who have the expertise5Covariation of cause and effectto carefully evaluate the6Empiricismresearch and recommend7Goals of Science 1whether the research should be8Intuitionpublished9Peer Reviewc Part of a causal inference10Program evaluationobserving that a change in one11Pseudosciencevariable is accompanied by a12Scientific Skepticismchange in a second variable13Temporal Precedenced We assume two things go14Fundamental Attribution Errortogether are related because15Illusionary Correlationthey are both rare16falsificatione the theory should be constructed17parsimonyto be disprovablea problem18Goals of Science 2with pseudosciencef the simplest explanation is the19Goals of Science 3best explanation20Goals of Science 4g evaluates the social reforms andinnovations that occur ingovernment education thecriminal justice system industryhealth care and mental healthinstitutionsh Claims that are made on thebasis of evidence that isdesigned to appear scientificsuch as evidence is not based onthe principles of the scientificmethod howeveri is conducted to address issues inwhich there are practicalPage 1 of 57httpwwweasytestmakercomuserTestaspxTestID754da3a02a0545368f7ec7d1f0cce36861909 810 AMEasyTestMakerproblems and potential solutionj To describe behaviork to understand or explainbehaviorl the tendency to over estimatethe internal and underestimatethe external factors whenexplaining the behaviors ofothersm to determine the causes ofbehaviorn to accept unquestionably yourown judgmento Accept unquestionably what youare told by an authority figurep Part of a causal interference thecause precedes that effect in atime sequenceq tries to answer fundamentalquestions about the nature ofbehaviorr Part of a causal inference apotential alternative cause of anobserved relationship betweenvariabless means that ideas must beevaluated on the basis of carefullogic and results from scientificinvestigationst to predict behavior Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEditTFUpDownDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit21Illusory correlation is a cognitive bias that occurs when we focus on two events that standUpout and occur togetherDownDeletea Trueb False Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEditUp22A background in research methods will help people Downa read research reports criticallyDeleteb evaluate the methods used in research studiesc decide whether research conclusions are reasonabled all of these Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit11 Test Yourself Examples of Research questionsUpPage 2 of 57httpwwweasytestmakercomuserTestaspxTestID754da3a02a0545368f7ec7d1f0cce36861909 810 AMEasyTestMakerDownDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit23What are the predictors of teenage sexual behaviorUpa basicDownb appliedDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit24Do video games such as Grand Theft Auto increase aggression among children and youngUpadultsDowna basicDeleteb applied Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit25How do neurons generate neurotransmittersUpa appliedDownb basicDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit26Does memory process visual images and sound simultaneouslyUpa basicDownb appliedDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit27How can a city increase recycling by residentsUpa basicDownb appliedDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit28Which strategies are best for coping with natural disastersUpa basicDownb appliedDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testWord Bankdata drivenempiricalobjectiveScientific MethodEdit29Theuses intuition or authority to ind questionsUpit is and asks DownquestionsDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEditChapter 1 Review QuestionsUpDownDelete Insert New TrueFalseMultiple ChoiceShort AnswerMatchingFill in the blankSection HeadingCopy questions from another testEdit30Why is it important for anyone in our society to have knowledge of research methodsUpPage 3 of 57httpwwweasytestmakercomuserTestaspxTestID754da3a02a0545368f7ec7d1f0cce368
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