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Midterm

Research Methods Midterm Study Guide

57 pages45 viewsWinter 2012

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 201
Professor
All
Study Guide
Midterm

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Research Methods Midterm
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Chapter 1: Scientific Understanding of Behavior
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1) Alternative Explanations
2) Applied Research
3) Authority
4) Basic Research
5) Covariation of cause and effect
6) Empiricism
7) Goals of Science 1
8) Intuition
9) Peer Review
10) Program evaluation
11) Pseudoscience
12) Scientific Skepticism
13) Temporal Precedence
14) Fundamental Attribution Error
15) Illusionary Correlation
16) falsification
17) parsimony
18) Goals of Science 2
19) Goals of Science 3
20) Goals of Science 4
a. Use of objective observations to
answer a question about the
nature of behavior
b. this must be done by other
scientists who have the expertise
to carefully evaluate the
research and recommend
whether the research should be
published
c. Part of a causal inference;
observing that a change in one
variable is accompanied by a
change in a second variable
d. We assume two things go
together, are related, because
they are both rare
e. the theory should be constructed
to be disprovable - a problem
with pseudoscience
f. the simplest explanation is the
best explanation
g. evaluates the social reforms and
innovations that occur in
government, education, the
criminal justice system, industry,
health care, and mental health
institutions
h. Claims that are made on the
basis of evidence that is
designed to appear scientific;
such as evidence is not based on
the principles of the scientific
method, however.
i. is conducted to address issues in
which there are practical
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problems and potential solution
j. To describe behavior
k. to understand or explain
behavior
l. the tendency to over estimate
the internal and underestimate
the external factors when
explaining the behaviors of
others
m. to determine the causes of
behavior
n. to accept unquestionably your
own judgment
o. Accept unquestionably what you
are told by an authority figure
p. Part of a causal interference; the
cause precedes that effect in a
time sequence
q. tries to answer fundamental
questions about the nature of
behavior
r. Part of a causal inference; a
potential alternative cause of an
observed relationship between
variables
s. means that ideas must be
evaluated on the basis of careful
logic and results from scientific
investigations
t. to predict behavior
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T/F
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21) Illusory correlation is a cognitive bias that occurs when we focus on two events that stand
out and occur together.
a) True
b) False
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22) A background in research methods will help people ___________.
a) read research reports critically
b) evaluate the methods used in research studies
c) decide whether research conclusions are reasonable
d) all of these
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1.1 Test Yourself: Examples of Research questions
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23) What are the predictors of teenage sexual behavior
a) basic
b) applied
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24) Do video games such as Grand Theft Auto increase aggression among children and young
adults?
a) basic
b) applied
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25) How do neurons generate neurotransmitters?
a) applied
b) basic
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26) Does memory process visual images and sound simultaneously?
a) basic
b) applied
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27) How can a city increase recycling by residents?
a) basic
b) applied
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28) Which strategies are best for coping with natural disasters?
a) basic
b) applied
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Word Bank:
data driven empirical objective
Scientific Method
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29) The __________________________________ uses intuition or authority to ind questions.
it is __________________, ______________________, and asks __________________
questions.
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Chapter 1 Review Questions
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Up 30) Why is it important for anyone in our society to have knowledge of research methods?
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