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PSYC 350- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 18 pages long!)

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University of Kansas
PSYC 350
Stephen Ilardi

[PSYC 350] Comprehensive spring guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at Thursday, February 16, 2017 Key: In class notes, written by Steve Hypothesized causes of specific phobia:  Biological Model: preparedness hypothesis (Mineka’s studies) also, genetic vulnerability (h = ~.30) o Highly neurotic people tend to have higher genetic vulnerability  Psychodynamic Model: phobic object is symbol of inner conflict  Behavioral Model: classical conditioning o How the environment shapes us (environmentalists) o We are conditioned to fear certain things o Some phobias are acquired through classical conditioning  Cognitive: observational learning o What you think about things will determine what you fear o Observational learning: ex. As a child, if we see a parent reacting to something fearfully, we will assume that “something” is to be feared  Ex. In class about woman with rodent phobia  Acquired phobia during childhood when her and her mom were making cookies and a mouse came out into the kitchen and her mom 100% wigged out Treatments:  Exposure-based Psychotherapy has ~90% cure rate (sadly, only 12% of practicing therapists have training in exposure)  Why only 12%? - because it’s tradition/legacy  (people have been doing non-behavioral therapy for so long even though it doesn’t work) Exposure  Habituation (decreased response to stimulus)  Habituation is the simplest learning mechanism in animals  Graded-exposure hierarchy (gradual exposure) o A decreased response to a stimulus based on repeated or sustained exposure to that stimulus  Ex. Of Steve when he was younger and My Sherona became him and his girlfriend’s song and every time he heard it he thought about her  His roommate the next year had the record and played the song over and over and Steve grew habituated to the song  You can have spontaneous reactions to the stimulus at random times  Ex. Steve heard My Sherona again on spotify recently and remembered how much he loves the song  Habituation (on average) usually happens within 15-20mins after you are exposed to the stimulus  Ex. In class: woman with severe arachnophobia find more resources at
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