PSYC 350- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 18 pages long!)

18 Pages
52 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 350
Professor
Stephen Ilardi

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 18 pages of the document.
KU
PSYC 350
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Thursday, February 16, 2017
Key: In class notes, written by Steve
Hypothesized causes of specific phobia:
Biological Model: preparedness hypothesis (Mineka’s studies)
also, genetic vulnerability (h = ~.30)
oHighly neurotic people tend to have higher genetic vulnerability
Psychodynamic Model: phobic object is symbol of inner conflict
Behavioral Model: classical conditioning
oHow the environment shapes us (environmentalists)
oWe are conditioned to fear certain things
oSome phobias are acquired through classical conditioning
Cognitive: observational learning
oWhat you think about things will determine what you fear
oObservational learning: ex. As a child, if we see a parent reacting to something
fearfully, we will assume that “something” is to be feared
Ex. In class about woman with rodent phobia
Acquired phobia during childhood when her and her mom were
making cookies and a mouse came out into the kitchen and her
mom 100% wigged out
Treatments:
Exposure-based Psychotherapy has ~90% cure rate
(sadly, only 12% of practicing therapists have training in exposure)
Why only 12%? - because it’s tradition/legacy  (people have been doing non-behavioral
therapy for so long even though it doesn’t work)
Exposure  Habituation (decreased response to stimulus)
Habituation is the simplest learning mechanism in animals
Graded-exposure hierarchy (gradual exposure)
oA decreased response to a stimulus based on repeated or sustained exposure to
that stimulus
Ex. Of Steve when he was younger and My Sherona became him and his
girlfriend’s song and every time he heard it he thought about her
His roommate the next year had the record and played the song over and
over and Steve grew habituated to the song
You can have spontaneous reactions to the stimulus at random times
Ex. Steve heard My Sherona again on spotify recently and
remembered how much he loves the song
Habituation (on average) usually happens within 15-20mins after you are
exposed to the stimulus
Ex. In class: woman with severe arachnophobia
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Lowest fear of hierarchy was a cartoon spider
Moved up to pictures of real spiders, then rubber spiders, etc.
“The Ilardi Rule of Anxiety”
oregarding an anxious response, exposure* always makes it better and avoidance
always makes it worse.
*non-traumatic exposure
exposure that doesn’t make it better – exposure that causes a level of
anxiety that causes panic, anxiety, etc. You tend to escape the situation
before you have the chance to habituate
oFlooding: when you take a person to such a high level of anxiety that you take
them to their highest level of fear of hierarchy
ex. Throwing someone afraid of deep water into the deep end and
basically forcing them to swim
Dr. Ost (Ph.D) – takes snake phobic and cures her in 3 hours
o80% cure rate (according to video)
oamygdala freaks out and tells her that she’s “going to die” and that she’s “gotta
get outta there” but frontal cortex tells her to stay, “we trust this guy”
obreathing techniques are a type of escape – distracts you from the actual
stimulus that is making you anxious
force yourself to be exposed!!!!
***We think that changing our beliefs will change our behavior, but changing our
behavior changes our beliefs***
No drug treatments even come close, not widely used
oNo way to reliably fix it with drugs because it hinges on exposure
oWhy don’t drugs biologically work/help?
All the drugs we have now are “blunt instruments” and specific phobias
are “very very narrow (stimuli)” so there’s no drug that can hit it 100% on
the head
Tuesday, February 21, 2017
Key: in-class notes, DSM5 symptoms, written by Steve
D-cycloserine: promotes formation of new memories, faster therapy
oAntibiotic – used primarily for tuberculosis treatment
It promotes the formation of new memories – helps learn new
connections
Helps stimulate the formation of new associative learning
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
[PSYC 350] Comprehensive spring guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Thursday, February 16, 2017 Key: In class notes, written by Steve Hypothesized causes of specific phobia:  Biological Model: preparedness hypothesis (Mineka’s studies) also, genetic vulnerability (h = ~.30) o Highly neurotic people tend to have higher genetic vulnerability  Psychodynamic Model: phobic object is symbol of inner conflict  Behavioral Model: classical conditioning o How the environment shapes us (environmentalists) o We are conditioned to fear certain things o Some phobias are acquired through classical conditioning  Cognitive: observational learning o What you think about things will determine what you fear o Observational learning: ex. As a child, if we see a parent reacting to something fearfully, we will assume that “something” is to be feared  Ex. In class about woman with rodent phobia  Acquired phobia during childhood when her and her mom were making cookies and a mouse came out into the kitchen and her mom 100% wigged out Treatments:  Exposure-based Psychotherapy has ~90% cure rate (sadly, only 12% of practicing therapists have training in exposure)  Why only 12%? - because it’s tradition/legacy  (people have been doing non-behavioral therapy for so long even though it doesn’t work) Exposure  Habituation (decreased response to stimulus)  Habituation is the simplest learning mechanism in animals  Graded-exposure hierarchy (gradual exposure) o A decreased response to a stimulus based on repeated or sustained exposure to that stimulus  Ex. Of Steve when he was younger and My Sherona became him and his girlfriend’s song and every time he heard it he thought about her  His roommate the next year had the record and played the song over and over and Steve grew habituated to the song  You can have spontaneous reactions to the stimulus at random times  Ex. Steve heard My Sherona again on spotify recently and remembered how much he loves the song  Habituation (on average) usually happens within 15-20mins after you are exposed to the stimulus  Ex. In class: woman with severe arachnophobia find more resources at oneclass.com
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit