GOVT 310 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - United States Constitution, United States Congress, United States Senate

66 views17 pages
12 Oct 2018
Course
Professor
GOVT 310
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 17 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 17 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
U.S. is 1st federalist country in the world: oldest written constitution
Mexico
Canada
Australia
Switzerland
Russia
Brazil
Argentina
India
26 countries in the world today
40% of people live in federal systems
federalism: system if government that establishes unity while also preserving diversity
confederation: form of federalism composed of constituent communities who hold
most of the power and expressly give powers to the federal government
no implied powers
national government lacks power to regulate individuals
right of succession
sovereignty lies in constituent communities
Ex: European Union, Articles of Confederation
Factors Distinguishing Federalism
non-centralized government
neither constituent government nor federal government can unilaterally alter
distribution of power
Ex: amending U.S. Constitution requires 3/4 of states approval and 2/3
Congressional approval
governing is intergovernmental
dual sovereignty: federal government is sovereign in its powers and states are
sovereign in their powers
dual citizenship: you are citizen of your states and the U.S
established by 14th Amendment
dual constitutionalism: U.S has constitution and each state has a constitution
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 17 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
“complete U.S. Constitution”: includes both U.S constitution and all state
constitutions
not all constitutionally federalist countries are democratic
Ex: USSR, modern Russia
Republic: people elect officials to govern on their behalf
Government belongs to the people
Democracy: rule by majority
not always just: risk of tyranny of the majority
Values of Federalism:
large scale democracy
pluralized democracy: different groups are protected and represented
peace and security from internal and external threats
common market prosperity
liberty
communitarian liberty: right for states to self govern
individual liberty: right individuals have to autonomy
checks and balances
public service efficiency
freedom to move: “voting with your feet”
justice: matching burdens with benefits
local governments: schoolhouses of democracy
provide greatest constituent involvement
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 17 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

Grade+All Inclusive
$10 USD/m
You will be charged $120 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.