PSYC 256 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Memory, Long-Term Memory, Episodic Memory

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PSYC 256
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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UNIT 1 (Includes 1-8)
What is Cognitive Psychology?
Outside world/Sensory input → into brain
o Sensing
o Perceiving
o Paying attention
o Acquiring information
o Manipulating information
o Retrieving information
o Producing and understanding language
o Making decisions
o Reasoning
→ Outside world/Behavioral output
o Performing actions, influencing the outside world somehow
Quality
Quantity
Speed
Sequence
Cognitive
Mechanisms
Brain Lesions and
Neuroimaging
Speed
Accuracy
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Neural Remembering
A, C, E → patient is experiencing a visual or hearing
sound
B, D, F → patient is asked to remember the stimuli;
stimuli is not present
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Document Summary

Neural remembering sound: a, c, e patient is experiencing a visual or hearing, b, d, f patient is asked to remember the stimuli; stimuli is not present. Processing consequences (bar graph: people either told (intentional) or not told (incidental) about having to remember words they read while doing a certain task (e. g. , count how many e"s and g"s, rate each word based on pleasantness) Testing effect: testing knowledge is more powerful for remembering in the long-run than just re- studying/rereading. Distributed practice: distributed: spaced out/ breaks bt studying, massed: cramming all at once, better to distribute studying over time, and do one subject at a time. Locke & empiricism (1632-1704: learn through observation of natural world. Psychophysics: relationship between stimulus properties and psychological impressions of those stimuli, ex. colors and wavelengths, how changes in light intensity, mass, pitch, etc. affect your experience of those stimuli.

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