Study Guides (400,000)
US (230,000)
LSU (10,000)
ANTH (500)
ANTH 1001 (300)
R.Tague (10)
Study Guide

ANTH 1001 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Zygosity, Protein, Point Mutation


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 1001
Professor
R.Tague
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 28 pages of the document.
ANTH 1001

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

1
Jeff Ganucheau
ANTH1001 LECTURES
TEST 1
1/12/18
Carl von Linne (1707-1778)- Swedish botanist
-Better known as Carolus Linnaeus
-Linnaeus was a creationist and an advocate of the Principle of Fixity of
Species: god created all species, and species were immutable and
unchangeable after the creation
Jean-Babtiste Lamarck (1744-1829)
-Theory of Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics (First explanation of
how a species can change over time)(Theory of use and disuse)
4 tenets of theory:
-Organism has needs in order to survive
-Needs are met by modification of existing organs or the
production of new organs
-Continued use of an organ leads to an increase in its size and
functional capacity, whereas disuse leads to its degeneration and
loss
-Changes in an organ that occur during ones lifetime are inheritable
and can be passed to ones offspring
Georges Curvier (1769-1832)
-Disagreed with Lamarck
-All organs in the body were harmonious and by changing one of the
organs in the body it would have a negative effect
-Theory of Catastrophism
-In the past, there were a series of sudden, violent geological and
climatic changes that led to the extinction of animals in the affected
region. After the cataclysm subsided, the region was repopulated by
animals from neighboring areas that were similar in appearance-
but not identical with-those that went extinct
Charles Lyell (1791-1875)
-Agreed with Cuvier
-Theory of Uniformitarianism
-Forces existing today that shape the earth are the same as those
that acted in the past
Thomas Malthus (1766-1834)
-Essay on the Principle of Population
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

2
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
-Theory of Natural Selection to explain transformation of a species over
time
-Observation on Galapagos Islands
Alfred Russell Wallace (1823-1913)
-Agreed with Darwin and also developed theory that species change by
natural selection.
-Wrote a 3 page paper that was read by Darwin
**Charles DarwinOn the Origin of Species Published in 1859**
Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection
1. Reproductive potential of a population is great, but actual population size
remains stable.
2. Resources in the environments are in limited supply; there is competition
among individuals for the resources.
3. Biological variation is normal in a population.
4. Any hereditary variation that allows an organism even a slight advantage
in competition for resources will be perpetuated. Organisms with the
favorable variations will survive and produce more offspring. Over time,
there will be an increase in frequency of the favorable traits in the
population.
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)
-Published his paper on inheritance in 1866
-His work caused no interest in the public until years later
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version