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Anthropology Final Exam Review (98% on the test)

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ANTH 1003
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Final Exam Review Topics1Define culture and know the characteristics of culture aCulture the set of learned behaviors and ideas that human beings acquire as members of a given society or communityiLearned behaviors1Enculturation the process of learning to be a member of a specific cultural group2Culture and Personality theorists focused on child rearing as the way to best study enculturation iiLanguageiiiClassification systems 1Creation of shared mental models applied to perceptions and experiences in order toaOrganizebClassifycUnderstand 2Ethnoscience is a theoretical perspective that focuses on recording and examining ways that members of a society use language to classify and organize their cognitive world for exampleaStudy of color classification systemsiEthnobotany study of plant classification systemsiiEthnozoology study of animal classification systems ivSymbols1Symbolic anthropology is a theoretical perspective that focuses on understanding culture by discovering and analyzing a cultures symbolsvPatterned integrated shared1organic analogy the comparison of societies to living organisms2StrengthsaAllows us to understand society as composed of different elementsbImplies that anthropologists should describe these elements and the ways that change in one affects the others3WeaknessesaIt implies that properly functioning societies should be stable and conflictfreebIn socially stratified societies different groups have different interests and this creates conflict4Functionalism theory focused on finding general laws that identify elements of society how they relate to each other and how they maintain social orderlooks for laws of cultural behavior RadcliffeBrown and Malinowski5Today many anthropologists focus on the conflicts within the systemviAdaptive and subject to change2What is a subculture
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